Labour Productivity, Technological Gap and Spillovers Evidence from Moroccan Manufacturing Industries
The objective of this paper is to investigate empirically whether there is any evidence that Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has had a positive impact on productivity performance in Moroccan manufacturing industries. To this end a panel data set at sector level for the Moroccan manufacturing industries in the period 1987-1996 was used. Our results suggest that the foreign presence increases the domestic labour productivity. However, this relationship is a complex one and depends on absorptive capacity or technological gap (distance between foreign and indigenous firms in terms of total factor productivity). The technological gap seems to be a condition for spillovers, but only within a certain range. Our results show a significant positive effect of trade openness (exports) on the Moroccan labour productivity.
Volume (Year): 7 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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