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Labour Productivity, Technological Gap and Spillovers Evidence from Moroccan Manufacturing Industries

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  • Jamal bouoiyour
  • Al Akhawayn

    () (University of Pau et Pays de l'Adour)

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to investigate empirically whether there is any evidence that Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has had a positive impact on productivity performance in Moroccan manufacturing industries. To this end a panel data set at sector level for the Moroccan manufacturing industries in the period 1987-1996 was used. Our results suggest that the foreign presence increases the domestic labour productivity. However, this relationship is a complex one and depends on absorptive capacity or technological gap (distance between foreign and indigenous firms in terms of total factor productivity). The technological gap seems to be a condition for spillovers, but only within a certain range. Our results show a significant positive effect of trade openness (exports) on the Moroccan labour productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Jamal bouoiyour & Al Akhawayn, 2005. "Labour Productivity, Technological Gap and Spillovers Evidence from Moroccan Manufacturing Industries," The African Finance Journal, Africagrowth Institute, vol. 7(2), pages 1-17.
  • Handle: RePEc:afj:journl:v:7:y:2005:i:2:p:1-17
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Benabdelkader, Mohamed, 2016. "Productivité, innovation et politique sectorielle des industries de transformation au Maroc (1985-2013) : Fondements théoriques et proposition d’une méthodologie
      [Productivity, Innovation and Secto
      ," MPRA Paper 70950, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Mohamed Amara & AbdelRahmen El Lahga, 2015. "A note on MAR and Jacobs externalities in the Tunisian manufacturing industries," Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Springer, pages 151-167.
    3. Baccouche, Rafik & Bouoiyour, Jamal & Hatem, M’Henni & Mouley, Sami, 2008. "Dynamique des investissements, mutations sectorielles et convertibilité du compte de capital : impacts des mesures de libéralisation et expériences comparées Tunisie - Maroc
      [Dynamics of investment
      ," MPRA Paper 38148, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Dalila Nicet-Chenaf & Eric Rougier, 2009. "FDI and growth: a new look at a still puzzling issue," Post-Print hal-00798473, HAL.
    5. Tomáš Havránek & Zuzana Iršová, 2010. "Meta-Analysis of Intra-Industry FDI Spillovers: Updated Evidence," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 60(2), pages 151-174, May.
    6. Bouoiyour, Jamal & Hanchane, Said, 2008. "Formation professionnelle et croissance économique Quelles interactions dans les cas du Maroc et la Tunisie ?
      [Professional training and economic growth: What interactions in Morocco and Tunisia?]
      ," MPRA Paper 38222, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. bouoiyour, jamal, 2006. "Productivité du travail, capital humain et écart technologique dans les industries manufacturières marocaines
      [Labor productivity, human capital and technology gap in manufacturing Moroccan]
      ," MPRA Paper 37035, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Alaya MAROUANE (Université de Tunis) & Dalila NICET-CHENAF (GREThA-GRES) & Eric ROUGIER (GREThA-GRES), 2008. "The law of growth and attraction: an endogenous model of absorptive capacities, FDI and income for MENA countries," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2008-21, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
    9. Bouoiyour, Jamal, 2005. "Partenariat Euro-marocain et dynamique des investissements directs étrangers
      [Euro-Moroccan partnership and dynamic investment foreign direct]
      ," MPRA Paper 45992, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Dalila NICET- CHENAF (GREThA-GRES) & Eric ROUGIER (GREThA-GRES), 2008. "Recent exports matter: export discoveries, FDI and Growth, an empirical assessment for MENA countries," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2008-17, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
    11. Bouoiyour, Jamal, 2004. "Foreign direct investment in Morocco," MPRA Paper 31457, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labour Productivity; Human Capital; Spillovers; Moroccan Manufacturing Industries;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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