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Productivité des industries manufacturières marocaines et investissements directs étrangers
[Productivity in Moroccan manufacturing and foreign direct investment]

Author

Listed:
  • Bouoiyour, Jamal
  • Toufik, Said

Abstract

The analysis of manufacturing productivity Moroccan (18 industries) over a decade (1987-96) in relation to foreign direct investment has yielded the following results: Foreign firms are more productive, give very high wages and export more than their Moroccan counterparts. This research shows that FDI are intimately related to trade policy and human capital endowment. In light of the results obtained, we can consider that Morocco can take advantage of technological externalities if it develops its human capital. Spillovers do exist in the lower technologies, but they are absent in the high technologies. The technological gap between foreign and domestic firms explains this phenomenon.

Suggested Citation

  • Bouoiyour, Jamal & Toufik, Said, 2003. "Productivité des industries manufacturières marocaines et investissements directs étrangers
    [Productivity in Moroccan manufacturing and foreign direct investment]
    ," MPRA Paper 38097, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38097
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/38097/8/MPRA_paper_38097.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ann E. Harrison & Brian J. Aitken, 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 605-618, June.
    2. G. D. A. MacDougall, 1960. "THE BENEFITS and COSTS OF PRIVATE INVESTMENT FROM ABROAD: A THEORETICAL APPROACH," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 36(73), pages 13-35, March.
    3. Kokko, Ari, 1994. "Technology, market characteristics, and spillovers," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 279-293, April.
    4. Caves, Richard E, 1974. "Multinational Firms, Competition, and Productivity in Host-Country Markets," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 41(162), pages 176-193, May.
    5. Steven Globerman, 1979. "Foreign Direct Investment and `Spillover' Efficiency Benefits in Canadian Manufacturing Industries," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 12(1), pages 42-56, February.
    6. Ronald Findlay, 1978. "Relative Backwardness, Direct Foreign Investment, and the Transfer of Technology: A Simple Dynamic Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 92(1), pages 1-16.
    7. Bouoiyour, Jamal, 2001. "Productivité et ouverture en Afrique du Nord : une étude empirique
      [Productivity and openness in North Africa: an empirical study]
      ," MPRA Paper 51685, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. bouoiyour, jamal, 2006. "Productivité du travail, capital humain et écart technologique dans les industries manufacturières marocaines
      [Labor productivity, human capital and technology gap in manufacturing Moroccan]
      ," MPRA Paper 37035, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Bouoiyour, Jamal, 2005. "Partenariat Euro-marocain et dynamique des investissements directs étrangers
      [Euro-Moroccan partnership and dynamic investment foreign direct]
      ," MPRA Paper 45992, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Bouoiyour, jamal, 2006. "Migration, Diaspora et développement humain
      [Migration, Diaspora and Human Development]
      ," MPRA Paper 37014, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Bouoiyour, Jamal, 2004. "Foreign direct investment in Morocco," MPRA Paper 31457, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign direct investment; Total factor productivity; Spillovers; Human capital;

    JEL classification:

    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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