Productivité des industries manufacturières marocaines et investissements directs étrangers
[Productivity in Moroccan manufacturing and foreign direct investment]
The analysis of manufacturing productivity Moroccan (18 industries) over a decade (1987-96) in relation to foreign direct investment has yielded the following results: Foreign firms are more productive, give very high wages and export more than their Moroccan counterparts. This research shows that FDI are intimately related to trade policy and human capital endowment. In light of the results obtained, we can consider that Morocco can take advantage of technological externalities if it develops its human capital. Spillovers do exist in the lower technologies, but they are absent in the high technologies. The technological gap between foreign and domestic firms explains this phenomenon.
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