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Institutions and growth revisited: OLS, 2SLS, G2SLS random effects IV regression and panel fixed (within) IV regression with cross-country data


  • Josheski, Dushko
  • Fotov, Risto
  • Lazarov, Darko
  • Koteski, Cane


This paper revisits the Institutions and growth models. Econometric techniques have been applied on cross-country data, just to confirm the apriori knowledge that Institutions effect on growth is positive and highly statistically significant. This evidence was confirmed by all four models. OLS proved as a better technique for our data than 2SLS, this simply because overidentification test showed that instrument cannot be considered exogenous, also Hausman test showed that OLS is better than 2SLS at 1% and 5% levels of significance. G2SLS estimator and Fixed effects panel estimators just confirmed the results from the OLS and 2SLS. As a proxy variable for institutions we used Rule of law variable, also as instruments were used revolutions and Freedom house rating as well as War casualties variables. Also as conclusion here Trade is insignificant in influence to GDP growth compared with quality of institutions.

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  • Josheski, Dushko & Fotov, Risto & Lazarov, Darko & Koteski, Cane, 2011. "Institutions and growth revisited: OLS, 2SLS, G2SLS random effects IV regression and panel fixed (within) IV regression with cross-country data," MPRA Paper 33842, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:33842

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker than Others?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(1), pages 83-116.
    2. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
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    More about this item


    Institutions; Growth; 2SLS; OLS; G2SLS Random effects IV regression and Panel Fixed (within) IV regression; cross-country data; Hausman test; Overidentification test;

    JEL classification:

    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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