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Stock market as a dynamic game with continuum of players


  • Wiszniewska-Matyszkiel, Agnieszka


This paper contains a game-theoretic model describing the behaviour of investors at a stock exchange. The model presented is developed to reect the actual market microstructure. The players constitute a non-uniform continuum, differing, among others, by the planning horizon, the external ow of money which can be invested, formation of expectations about future prices, which, briey, divides the investors into the following groups: fundamental analysts, chartist, users of various econometric models, users of Capital Asset Pricing Model, and players observing a random exogenous signal. Prices are determined by orders and the equilibrating mechanism of the stock exchange. The mechanism presented is the actual single-price auction system used, among others, at Warsaw Stock Exchange. One of the main issues are self-verifying beliefs. Results of numerical simulations of stock exchange based on the model are also included.

Suggested Citation

  • Wiszniewska-Matyszkiel, Agnieszka, 2005. "Stock market as a dynamic game with continuum of players," MPRA Paper 32982, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2006.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32982

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:wsi:igtrxx:v:04:y:2002:i:03:n:s0219198902000732 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:wsi:igtrxx:v:05:y:2003:i:01:n:s0219198903000866 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Mas-Colell, Andreu, 1984. "On a theorem of Schmeidler," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 201-206, December.
    4. LeBaron, Blake & Arthur, W. Brian & Palmer, Richard, 1999. "Time series properties of an artificial stock market," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(9-10), pages 1487-1516, September.
    5. Balder, Erik J, 1995. "A Unifying Approach to Existence of Nash Equilibrium," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 24(1), pages 79-94.
    6. Harry Markowitz, 1952. "Portfolio Selection," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 7(1), pages 77-91, March.
    7. William F. Sharpe, 1964. "Capital Asset Prices: A Theory Of Market Equilibrium Under Conditions Of Risk," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 19(3), pages 425-442, September.
    8. B. LeBaron, 2001. "A builder's guide to agent-based financial markets," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(2), pages 254-261.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:annopr:v:243:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1007_s10479-015-1920-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:spr:joptap:v:160:y:2014:i:1:d:10.1007_s10957-013-0317-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:spr:joptap:v:172:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10957-016-1034-7 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    multistage games; continuum of players; Nash equilibrium; belief-distorted Nash equilibrium; stock exchange;

    JEL classification:

    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games


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