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Home market determinants of FDI outflows from developing and transition economies

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  • Kayam, Saime Suna

Abstract

Outward foreign direct investments (FDI) from developing countries and transition economies have picked up in the last decade. This study examines the home country factors that determine the outward foreign investments from 65 developing and transition countries in the period 2000-2006. The main hypothesis tested is that the small market size, trade conditions, costs of production and local business conditions are the main drivers of outward FDI. In order to examine the effects of these factors, the fixed effects estimation technique is employed using variables that measure income, trade, infrastructure, labour market conditions and economic stability. Proxies for the institutional environment such as bureacracy, corruption, investment risk are also used to reflect both the political and economic push factors on FDI. The preliminary findings reveal that outward FDI from developing countries increases with foreign competition in the domestic market augmented by inward FDI. As government stability, investment profile and bureaucracy quality in the home country improves, outflows of capital decreases. In other words, developing country transnational corporations are formed as a result of escape response from the economic and political conditions in the home countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Kayam, Saime Suna, 2009. "Home market determinants of FDI outflows from developing and transition economies," MPRA Paper 16781, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:16781
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/16781/1/MPRA_paper_16781.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mustafa Sakr & Andre Jordaan, 2016. "Emerging Multinational Corporations: A Prominent Player in the Global Economy," Working Papers 201623, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    2. Burcak Polat, 2015. "Determinants of FDI into Central and Eastern European Countries: Pull or Push Effect?," Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, Eurasian Publications, vol. 3(4), pages 39-47.
    3. Klimek Artur, 2015. "Institutions and Outward Foreign Direct Investment," International Journal of Management and Economics, De Gruyter Open, vol. 46(1), pages 101-119, June.
    4. Mustafa Sakr & Andre Jordaan, 2017. "Push Factors of Emerging Multinational Corporations: Evidence from South Africa and Egypt," Working Papers 201709, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    5. dogru, bulent, 2012. "The effect of instıtutıonal varıables on fdi inflows: Evidence from upper-middle income countries," MPRA Paper 37531, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Dogru, Bülent, 2012. "Effect of judıcıal independence to FDI into Eastern Europea and South Asia," MPRA Paper 40471, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Damijan, Jože & Kostevc, Crt & Rojec, Matija, 2014. "Outward FDI and company performance in CEECs," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 381, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    outward FDI; push factors; developing countries;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements

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