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The Location of the United States' FDI Under the Share Gravity Model

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  • Felipa De Mello-Sampayo

Abstract

This paper examines the geographical distribution of US MNEs FDI using the share gravity model, which adds a competition factor to the classical gravity formulation. The aim is to show that, unlike previous applications of the gravity model to FDI, the share of FDI pertaining to a location is determined not only by its own characteristics but also by those of competing locations. A dynamic share gravity model is estimated for a panel of both industrialised and developing countries using five alternative measures of FDI. The results vindicate the superiority of the share relative to the classical version of the gravity model in that the competition factor has a significantly negative impact on the FDI share.

Suggested Citation

  • Felipa De Mello-Sampayo, 2007. "The Location of the United States' FDI Under the Share Gravity Model," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 491-519.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:intecj:v:21:y:2007:i:4:p:491-519
    DOI: 10.1080/10168730701529942
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, January.
    2. Frankel, Jeffrey A & Rose, Andrew K, 2000. "An Estimate of the Effect of Currency Unions on Trade and Output," CEPR Discussion Papers 2631, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. S. Lael Brainard, 1993. "A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-Off Between Proximity and Concentration," NBER Working Papers 4269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Jeffrey A. Frankel & Andrew K. Rose, 2000. "Estimating the Effect of Currency Unions on Trade and Output," NBER Working Papers 7857, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. S. Lael Brainard, 1993. "An Empirical Assessment of the Factor Proportions Explanation of Multi-National Sales," NBER Working Papers 4583, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Robert E. Lipsey, 1999. "The Location and Characteristics of U.S. Affiliates in Asia," NBER Working Papers 6876, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. de Mello-Sampayo, Felipa & de Sousa-Vale, Sofia & Camões, Francisco, 2010. "Delaying the timing of offshoring low-skilled tasks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 951-958, September.
    2. Felipa Mello Sampayo, 2006. "The Geographic Distribution of Economic Activities of the USA Multinational Enterprises," DEGIT Conference Papers c011_040, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    3. Karpaty, Patrik & Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik, 2011. "Offshoring of Services and Corruption: Do Firms Escape Corrupt Countries?," Working Papers 2011:2, Örebro University, School of Business, revised 28 May 2012.
    4. Tingvall, Patrik Gustavsson, 2010. "Offshoring and Corruption: Does Corruption Matter," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 237, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    5. de Mello-Sampayo, Felipa, 2014. "Gravity for Health: an Application to State Mental Hospital Admissions in Texas," MPRA Paper 59758, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Harach, Monika & Rodriguez-Crespo, Ernesto, 2014. "Foreign direct investment and trade: A bi-directional gravity approach," Kiel Advanced Studies Working Papers 467, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    7. Mateo Vasco & Lina M. Cortés & Sandra C. Gaitán & Iván A. Durán, 2012. "Aplicación del modelo gravitacional al impacto del gobierno corporativo en las fusiones y adquisiciones en Latinoamérica," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 010709, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
    8. Helga Kristjánsdóttir, 2005. "Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Iceland," CAM Working Papers 2005-15, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics.
    9. Kayam, Saime Suna, 2009. "Home market determinants of FDI outflows from developing and transition economies," MPRA Paper 16781, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign Direct Investment; multinational enterprises; gravity model; dynamic panel data model;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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