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L’echec de la croissance de la productivite agricole en afrique francophone
[Failure of agricultural productivity growth in African French speaking countries]

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  • Nkamleu, Guy Blaise

Abstract

This paper examines changes in agricultural productivity in 8 French-speaking countries. The relative performance of agricultural sector was gauged using data envelopment analysis. From a panel data set of the 8 countries, which included the 30-year period 1970-2000, mathematical programming methods were used to measure Malmquist indexes of total factor productivity. It was found that, during that period, total factor productivity have experienced a negative evolution in sample countries. A decomposition of those measures suggest that, most of the weak performance of factors productivity is attributable more to technological change than technical efficiency change. Sample data showed that devaluation of Cfa franc have had a positive impact on the sector. We also found that compared to non-sahelian countries, sahelian countries have experienced a weak performance of their agricultural sector during the period 1970-2000.

Suggested Citation

  • Nkamleu, Guy Blaise, 2004. "L’echec de la croissance de la productivite agricole en afrique francophone
    [Failure of agricultural productivity growth in African French speaking countries]
    ," MPRA Paper 15104, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:15104
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/15104/1/MPRA_paper_15104.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Guy Nkamleu & Joachim Nyemeck & Jim Gockowsk, 2010. "Working Paper 104 - Technology Gap and Efficiency in Cocoa Production in West and Central Africa: Implications for Cocoa Sector Development," Working Paper Series 241, African Development Bank.
    2. Guy Nkamleu, 2004. "Productivity Growth, Technical Progress and Efficiency Change in African Agriculture," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 16(1), pages 203-222.
    3. Nkamleu, Guy Blaise, 2007. "Religious faith and agricultural growth: exploring some correlations in Africa," MPRA Paper 11131, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2007.
    4. repec:ebl:ecbull:eb-17-00751 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Charlotte Fontan, 2006. "« L’outil » filière agricole pour le développement rural," Documents de travail 124, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
    6. Nodjitigje DJIMASRA, 2011. "Décomposition de l'indice de productivité de Malmquist : une application sur un échantillon des pays africains producteurs de coton," LEO Working Papers / DR LEO 413, Orleans Economics Laboratory / Laboratoire d'Economie d'Orleans (LEO), University of Orleans.
    7. Kane, Gilles Quentin & Fondo, Sikod & Abayomi Oyekale, Samuel, 2012. "Efficiency of Groundnuts/Maize Intercropped Farms in Zoetele, South Cameroon: A Data Envelopement Approach," MPRA Paper 62757, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Nkamleu, Guy Blaise & Nyemeck, Joachim & Sanogo, Diakalia, 2006. "Metafrontier Analysis of Technology Gap and Productivity Difference in African Agriculture," MPRA Paper 15103, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agricultural productivity; Technical efficiency; Technological change; Data envelopment analysis; French-speaking countries;

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity

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