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« L’outil » filière agricole pour le développement rural

Author

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  • Charlotte Fontan

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

Abstract

La pauvreté est un phénomène essentiellement rural et le secteur agricole joue un rôle primordial pour lutter contre ce fléau. Le développement et l’appui aux filières agricoles peuvent ainsi être un moyen efficace pour améliorer les conditions de vie et de travail des ruraux pauvres. Cette étude aura pour objet de justifier, au niveau théorique, que les filières vivrières devraient en particulier être privilégiées. D’abord, nous allons introduire la notion de filière ainsi que différents concepts s’y rattachant, puis les étapes nécessaires pour l’étudier dans son ensemble, de la production à la consommation. Ensuite, il sera intéressant de voir qu’il serait préférable d’axer, au moins dans un premier temps, les efforts sur les filières vivrières dans l’optique de garantir le développement rural et réduire la pauvreté dans ce milieu. Ici, deux aspects seront distingués : (i) dans un premier temps, l’analyse comparée des effets sur la pauvreté rurale (sécurité alimentaire, revenu des opérateurs concernés…) d’un soutien aux filières locales plutôt qu’aux cultures d’exportation sera abordée ; (ii) dans un second temps, seront étudiés les instruments qui devraient être développés pour favoriser les filières vivrières (accès au crédit, au foncier…). Most of the poor live in rural areas and farming sector plays a major role to fight against this plague. The agricultural sector’s development and support on its whole (from producers to consumers) must be an efficient way of improving rural poor’s living and working conditions. This study ‘ll try to justify, from a theoritical point of view, that we had to give mainly priority to subsistence crops. First, we’ll introduce the notion of “filière” and give the way to study it, not only the commodity chain and producers, but all the process from production to consumption and all operators. Then, it’ll be interesting to understand why efforts must be stepped up to promote subsistence crops for rural development and for creating the opportunities for rural poverty alleviation. We would like to bring out two main points : (i) firstly, we’ll compare subsistence to export crops on their effects on rural poverty (food security, operators’incomes...) ; (ii) secondly, we’ll give some measures to promote subsistence productions (rural finance, access to basic land...). (Full text in french)

Suggested Citation

  • Charlotte Fontan, 2006. "« L’outil » filière agricole pour le développement rural," Documents de travail 124, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  • Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:124
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    File URL: http://ged.u-bordeaux4.fr/ceddt124.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1998. "Gains féminins, allocation des biens et statut nutritionnel des enfants au Burkina Faso," Documents de travail 28, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
    2. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav, 1996. "How Important to India's Poor Is the Sectoral Composition of Economic Growth?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 1-25, January.
    3. Binswanger, Hans P & von Braun, Joachim, 1991. "Technological Change and Commercialization in Agriculture: The Effect on the Poor," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 6(1), pages 57-80, January.
    4. Guy Blaise Nkamleu, 2004. "L'échec de la croissance de la productivité agricole en Afrique francophone," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 279(1), pages 53-65.
    5. Nicholas Minot & Lisa Daniels, 2005. "Impact of global cotton markets on rural poverty in Benin," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, pages 453-466.
    6. Bourguignon, Francois & Morrisson, Christian, 1998. "Inequality and development: the role of dualism," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 233-257.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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