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Is the Impact Really That High? The Effect of FDI in Transition

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  • Hagemejer, Jan
  • Tyrowicz, Joanna

Abstract

Literature is not clear on the eect of FDI on the economic performance in hosting countries. The analysed eects include productivity, propensity to export, access to financial markets, etc. Although foreign subsidiaries usually perform better than the average of the hosting economies, sometimes the selection eect is found to be considerable. We use a unique dataset based on accounting annual reports to the statistical authorities by all medium and large Polish enterprises over a period 1997-2006. We match firms with FDI entry and to a control group of non-foreign owned companies to disentangle the eect of self-selection and FDI entry. We also distinguish explicitly between foreign ownership and privatisation through a foreign investor. We find strong support of the view that foreign ownership increases access to financing. Evidence suggests also that although FDI enters more frequently companies who already participate in the international trading networks, while approximately 20% of the export intensity may be consistently on average attributed to the treatment effect. On the other hand, we were not able to confirm large effects on effciency not profitability, while the size of the effects are dierent for greenfield investment and private acquisitions as opposed to privatisation.

Suggested Citation

  • Hagemejer, Jan & Tyrowicz, Joanna, 2009. "Is the Impact Really That High? The Effect of FDI in Transition," MPRA Paper 14934, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:14934
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. John P. Weche Geluebcke, 2012. "Foreign and Domestic Takeovers in Germany: First Comparative Evidence on the Post-acquisition Target Performance using new Data," Working Paper Series in Economics 249, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    2. Gavoille, Nicolas & Zasova, Anna, 2021. "Foreign ownership and labor tax evasion: Evidence from Latvia," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 207(C).
    3. Martijn Boermans & Hein Roelfsema, 2015. "The Effects of Internationalization on Innovation: Firm-Level Evidence for Transition Economies," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 333-350, April.
    4. Michał Gradzewicz, 2018. "What happens when firms invest? Investment events and firm performance," NBP Working Papers 291, Narodowy Bank Polski.
    5. Jaklič, Andreja & Obloj, Krzysztof & Svetličič, Marjan & Kronegger, Luka, 2020. "Evolution of Central and Eastern Europe related international business research," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 421-434.
    6. Ipsmiller, Edith & Dikova, Desislava, 2021. "Internationalization from Central and Eastern Europe: A systematic literature review," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(4).
    7. Piotr Szpunar & Jan Hagemejer, 2018. "Globalisation and the Polish economy: macro and micro growth effects," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Globalisation and deglobalisation, volume 100, pages 273-289, Bank for International Settlements.
    8. Ari Kokko & Victoria Kravtsova, 2012. "Regional Characteristics And Effects Of Inward Fdi: The Case Of Ukraine," Organizations and Markets in Emerging Economies, Faculty of Economics, Vilnius University, vol. 3(2).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDI; transition; propensity score matching; Poland; firm-level analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • P45 - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - International Linkages
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • P52 - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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