IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this book chapter

Globalisation and the Polish economy: macro and micro growth effects

In: Globalisation and deglobalisation


  • Piotr Szpunar

    (Narodowy Bank Polski)

  • Jan Hagemejer

    (Narodowy Bank Polski)


We analyse the macro and micro effects of globalisation in Poland. We show that exports were a major contributor to economic growth in the transition period and after the 2004 EU enlargement. While exporting and foreign capital are associated with faster productivity growth at the sector level, we show that internationalised firms, both through exporting and foreign direct investment, perform better than non-internationalised firms. While this difference in performance between firms as well as a sizeable premium in capital/labour ratio manifest themselves in a large difference in average wages, we show that labour productivity-adjusted wages are in fact lower in exporters than in non-exporters, which can be associated with downward competitive pressure on wages.

Suggested Citation

  • Piotr Szpunar & Jan Hagemejer, 2018. "Globalisation and the Polish economy: macro and micro growth effects," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Globalisation and deglobalisation, volume 100, pages 273-289, Bank for International Settlements.
  • Handle: RePEc:bis:bisbpc:100-18

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jan De Loecker, 2013. "Detecting Learning by Exporting," American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(3), pages 1-21, August.
    2. Jan Hagemejer & Joanna Tyrowicz, 2012. "Is the effect really so large? Firm‐level evidence on the role of FDI in a transition economy-super-1," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 20(2), pages 195-233, April.
    3. Jan Hagemejer, 2018. "Trade and Growth in the New Member States: The Role of Global Value Chains," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 54(11), pages 2630-2649, September.
    4. Bernard, Andrew B. & Bradford Jensen, J., 1999. "Exceptional exporter performance: cause, effect, or both?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-25, February.
    5. David Greenaway & Richard Kneller, 2007. "Firm heterogeneity, exporting and foreign direct investment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(517), pages 134-161, February.
    6. James Levinsohn & Amil Petrin, 2003. "Estimating Production Functions Using Inputs to Control for Unobservables," The Review of Economic Studies, Review of Economic Studies Ltd, vol. 70(2), pages 317-341.
    7. Jan Hagemejer & Marcin Kolasa, 2011. "Internationalisation and Economic Performance of Enterprises: Evidence from Polish Firm‐level Data," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(1), pages 74-100, January.
    8. Jan Hagemejer & Jakub Mućk, 2018. "Unraveling the economic performance of the CEEC countries. The role of exports and global value chains," NBP Working Papers 283, Narodowy Bank Polski.
    9. Havranek, Tomas & Irsova, Zuzana, 2011. "Estimating vertical spillovers from FDI: Why results vary and what the true effect is," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 234-244.
    10. Jan Hagemejer & Jakub Mućk, 2019. "Export‐led growth and its determinants: Evidence from Central and Eastern European countries," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(7), pages 1994-2025, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Ciarli, Tommaso & Coad, Alex & Moneta, Alessio, 2023. "Does exporting cause productivity growth? Evidence from Chilean firms," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 228-239.
    2. Tommaso Ciarli & Alex Coad & Alessio Moneta, 2019. "Exporting and productivity as part of the growth process: Causal evidence from a data-driven structural VAR," LEM Papers Series 2019/39, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    3. Richter, Philipp M. & Schiersch, Alexander, 2017. "CO2 emission intensity and exporting: Evidence from firm-level data," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 373-391.
    4. Konstantins Benkovskis & Jaan Masso & Olegs Tkacevs & Priit Vahter & Naomitsu Yashiro, 2020. "Export and productivity in global value chains: comparative evidence from Latvia and Estonia," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 156(3), pages 557-577, August.
    5. René Belderbos & Vincent Van Roy & Leo Sleuwaegen, 2021. "Does trade participation limit domestic firms’ productivity gains from inward foreign direct investment?," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 11(1), pages 83-109, March.
    6. Jaan Masso & Priit Vahter, 2015. "Exporting and Productivity: The Effects of Multi-Product and Multi-Market Export Entry," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 62(4), pages 325-350, September.
    7. Bournakis, Ioannis & Tsionas, Mike G., 2023. "A Non-Parametric Estimation of Productivity with Idiosyncratic and Aggregate Shocks: The Role of Research and Development (R&D) and Corporate Tax," MPRA Paper 118100, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Francesco Serti & Chiara Tomasi, 2008. "Self-Selection and Post-Entry Effects of Exports: Evidence from Italian Manufacturing Firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 144(4), pages 660-694, December.
    9. Breinlich, Holger & Tucci, Alessandra, 2008. "Foreign Market Conditions and Export Performance: Evidence from Italian Firm-Level Data," Economics Discussion Papers 2715, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
    10. Frederico Oliveira Torres, 2019. "Firm heterogeneity and exports in Portugal - Identifying export potential," GEE Papers 0118, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia, revised Apr 2019.
    11. Dalgic, Basak & Fazlioglu, Burcu & Gasiorek, Michael, 2015. "Costs of trade and self-selection into exporting and importing: The case of Turkish manufacturing firms," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal (2007-2020), Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel), vol. 9, pages 1-28.
    12. Nicholas Sheard, 2014. "Learning to Export and the Timing of Entry to Export Markets," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 536-560, August.
    13. Matthieu Crozet & Isabelle Méjean & Soledad Zignago, 2008. "Plus grandes, plus fortes, plus loin... Performances relatives des firmes exportatrices françaises," Working Papers 2008-26, CEPII research center.
    14. Hahn Chin Hee, 2012. "Learning-by-Exporting, Introduction of New Products, and Product Rationalization: Evidence from Korean Manufacturing," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 12(1), pages 1-37, May.
    15. Hansen, Thorsten, 2010. "Tariff Rates, Offshoring and Productivity: Evidence from German and Austrian Firm-Level Data," Discussion Papers in Economics 11465, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    16. Jingfang Zhang & Emir Malikov, 2023. "Detecting Learning by Exporting and from Exporters," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 60(1), pages 1-19, August.
    17. Matthew A. Cole & Robert J. R. Elliott & Supreeya Virakul, 2010. "Firm Heterogeneity, Origin of Ownership and Export Participation," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(2), pages 264-291, February.
    18. Torres Mazzi, Caio & Foster-McGregor, Neil, 2021. "Imported intermediates, technological capabilities and exports: Evidence from Brazilian firm-level data," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(1).
    19. Ana M. Fernandes & Alberto E. Isgut, 2015. "Learning-by-Exporting Effects: Are They for Real?," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(1), pages 65-89, January.
    20. Chang Xu & Jianbing Guo & Baodong Cheng & Yu Liu, 2019. "Exports, Misallocation, and Total Factor Productivity of Furniture Enterprises," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(18), pages 1-14, September.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bis:bisbpc:100-18. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Christian Beslmeisl (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.