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Student Outcomes and Spending on Teachers in the Aftermath of Recession


  • Wall, Howard J.


This paper finds a link between the trends in K-12 spending and student success in Missouri after the Great Recession. I find that, for city schools only, changes in English Language Arts and Math proficiency rates for third graders were negatively related to changes in the number of students per teacher. According to my estimates, an increase in the average number of students per teacher in city schools accounted for almost all of the drop in the schools’ average ELA proficiency, and all of the drop in their average Math proficiency. Thus, the evidence indicates that the cuts in spending on teachers in the aftermath of the Great Recession affected student outcomes in city schools, but did little to affect student outcomes in schools in other locales.

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  • Wall, Howard J., 2022. "Student Outcomes and Spending on Teachers in the Aftermath of Recession," MPRA Paper 113440, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:113440

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Matthew A. Kraft & Joshua F. Bleiberg, 2022. "The Inequitable Effects of Teacher Layoffs: What We Know and Can Do," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 17(2), pages 367-377, Spring.
    2. Michael Podgursky & Matthew G. Spring, 2006. "K-12 public school finance in Missouri: an overview," Regional Economic Development, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Mar, pages 31-50.
    3. Podgursky, Michael & Springer, Matthew, 2011. "Teacher Compensation Systems in the United States K-12 Public School System," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 64(1), pages 165-192, March.
    4. C. Kirabo Jackson & Cora Wigger & Heyu Xiong, 2021. "Do School Spending Cuts Matter? Evidence from the Great Recession," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 304-335, May.
    5. C. Kirabo Jackson & Claire Mackevicius, 2021. "The Distribution of School Spending Impacts," NBER Working Papers 28517, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item


    Education spending;

    JEL classification:

    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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