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From the TFR to the IFR approach for the multidimensional analysis of poverty and living conditions

Author

Listed:
  • Bruno Cheli
  • Achille Lemmi
  • Nicoletta Pannuzi
  • Andrea Regoli

Abstract

Most of the methods designed for the analysis of poverty share two main limitations: i) they are unidimensional, i.e. they refer to only one proxy of poverty, namely equivalent income or consumption expenditure; ii) they need to dichotomise the population into the poor and the non poor by means of the so called poverty line. This reductionism simplifies the analysis, but also wipes out all the complexity of this phenomenon which, on the contrary, should also be object of study. The Totally Fuzzy and Relative (TFR) approach proposed by Cheli and Lemmi (1995) allows us to overcome these limitations and to analyse poverty in a multidimensional perspective avoiding the use of arbitrary threshold values. In this paper we aim to remark how the binary distinction between the "poor" and "non poor" states is too sharp, since deprivation is likely to occur by degrees. Starting from this consideration, we retrace and update the fuzzy sets approach for measuring multidimensional poverty, which leads to the Integrated Fuzzy and Relative method (Betti et al., 2006a, 2006b, 2008).

Suggested Citation

  • Bruno Cheli & Achille Lemmi & Nicoletta Pannuzi & Andrea Regoli, 2019. "From the TFR to the IFR approach for the multidimensional analysis of poverty and living conditions," Discussion Papers 2019/252, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:pie:dsedps:2019/252
    Note: ISSN 2039-1854
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    File URL: https://www.ec.unipi.it/documents/Ricerca/papers/2019-252.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    poverty measurement; multidimensional poverty; fuzzy set; living conditions analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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