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In Search of a Strategy for Making Growth More Pro-Poor in the Philippines

Listed author(s):
  • Nobuhiko Fuwa

    (Waseda University)

  • Arsenio M. Balisacan

    ()

    (School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman)

  • Fabrizio Bresciani

    (World Bank)

Registered author(s):

    The main driver of poverty reduction has shifted from agricultural to non-agricultural income growth in rural Philippines in the past two decades. Agricultural growth is still relatively more important (vis-à-vis non-agricultural growth), however, in reducing rural poverty in relatively more isolated provinces. Our results suggest that agricultural investments should focus on areas with underdeveloped infrastructure but with comparative advantage in agriculture. At the same time, non-agricultural income growth can be made more pro-poor by investing in mobility infrastructure and health, facilitating international labor migration, and lowering income inequality.

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    File URL: http://www.econ.upd.edu.ph/dp/index.php/dp/article/viewFile/678/143
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    Paper provided by University of the Philippines School of Economics in its series UP School of Economics Discussion Papers with number 201110.

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    Length: 48 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2011
    Publication status: Published as UPSE Discussion Paper No. 2011-08, October 2011
    Handle: RePEc:phs:dpaper:201110
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Diliman, Quezon City 1101

    Phone: 927-9686
    Web page: http://www.econ.upd.edu.ph/

    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
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    1. Christiaensen, Luc & Demery, Lionel & Kuhl, Jesper, 2011. "The (evolving) role of agriculture in poverty reduction--An empirical perspective," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 239-254, November.
    2. Deininger, Klaus & Squire, Lyn, 1998. "New ways of looking at old issues: inequality and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 259-287.
    3. repec:hoo:wpaper:e-92-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Matsuyama, Kiminori, 1992. "Agricultural productivity, comparative advantage, and economic growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 317-334, December.
    5. World Bank, 2009. "Land Reform, Rural Development, and Poverty in the Philippines : Revisiting the Agenda," World Bank Other Operational Studies 18545, The World Bank.
    6. Stefan Dercon, 2009. "Rural Poverty: Old Challenges in New Contexts," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 24(1), pages 1-28, April.
    7. Eswaran, Mukesh & Kotwal, Ashok, 1993. "A theory of real wage growth in LDCs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 243-269, December.
    8. Kraay, Aart, 2006. "When is growth pro-poor? Evidence from a panel of countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 198-227, June.
    9. Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua, 2007. "China's (uneven) progress against poverty," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 1-42, January.
    10. Luc Christiaensen & Lionel Demery, 2007. "Down to Earth : Agriculture and Poverty Reduction in Africa," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6624, July.
    11. Jonna P. Estudillo & Yasuyuki Sawada & Keijiro Otsuka, 2006. "The Green Revolution, development of labor markets, and poverty reduction in the rural Philippines, 1985-2004," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 35(s3), pages 399-407, November.
    12. Nobuhiko Fuwa, 2007. "Pathways out of rural poverty: a case study in socio-economic mobility in the rural Philippines," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 31(1), pages 123-144, January.
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