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The Structural Transformation as a Pathway out of Poverty: Analytics, Empirics and Politics

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  • Peter Timmer

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  • Selvin Akkus

Abstract

A powerful historical pathway of structural transformation is experienced by all successful developing countries, and this Working Paper presents the results of new empirical analysis of the process. Making sure the poor are connected to both the structural transformation and to the policy initiatives designed to ameliorate the distributional consequences of rapid transformation has turned out to be a major challenge for policy makers over the past half century. There are successes and failures, and the historical record illuminates what works and what does not. Trying to stop the structural transformation does not work, at least for the poor, and in fact can lead to prolonged immiseration. Investing in the capacity of the poor to cope with change and to participate in its benefits through better education and health does seem to work. Such investments typically require significant public sector resources and policy support, and thus depend on political processes that are themselves conditioned by the pressures generated by the structural transformation itself.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Timmer & Selvin Akkus, 2008. "The Structural Transformation as a Pathway out of Poverty: Analytics, Empirics and Politics," Working Papers 150, Center for Global Development.
  • Handle: RePEc:cgd:wpaper:150
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    File URL: http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/16387
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    Cited by:

    1. World Bank, 2009. "Land Reform, Rural Development, and Poverty in the Philippines : Revisiting the Agenda," World Bank Other Operational Studies 18545, The World Bank.
    2. Paul Winters & Timothy Essam & Alberto Zezza & Benjamin Davis & Calogero Carletto, 2010. "Patterns of Rural Development: A Cross-Country Comparison using Microeconomic Data," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 628-651.
    3. Fuwa, Nobuhiko & Balisacan, Arsenio M. & Mapa, Dennis & Abad Santos, Carlos & Piza, Sharon Faye, 2012. "Sectoral Growth Linkages and the Role of Infrastructure Development: Revisiting the sources of nonfarm development in the rural Philippines," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126456, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. C. Peter Timmer, 2012. "Structural Transformation, the Changing Role of Rice, and Food Security in Asia: Small Farmers and Modern Supply Chains," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 9(1), pages 21-35, June.
    5. Swarna Sadasivam Vepa & Vinodhini Umashankar & R.V. Bhavani & Rohit Parasar, 2014. "Agriculture and Child Under-Nutrition in India: A State Level Analysis," Working Papers 2014-086, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.
    6. Greenstein Joshua, 2015. "New Patterns of Structural Change and Effects on Inclusive Development: A Case Study of South Africa and Brazil," WIDER Working Paper Series 006, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    7. Kelbore, Zerihun Getachew, 2014. "Multidimensional structural transformation index: a new measure of development," MPRA Paper 62920, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Mar 2015.
    8. Alwin D’souza & Amit Shovon Ray, "undated". "Structural Transformation in the North-Eastern Region of India: Charting out an agriculture-based development policy," Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi Discussion Papers 14-04, Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
    9. World Bank Group, 2014. "Republic of India : Accelerating Agricultural Productivity Growth," World Bank Other Operational Studies 21419, The World Bank.
    10. Luc Christiaensen & Kaminski Jonathan, 2016. "Working Paper 229 - Structural change, economic growth and poverty reduction – Micro-evidence from Uganda," Working Paper Series 2322, African Development Bank.
    11. C. Peter Timmer, 2010. "International Best Practice in Food Policy: Reflections on Food Policy Analysis," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 7(1), pages 83-92, June.
    12. Rama Lionel Ngenzebuke, 2017. "The Returns of "I Do": Multifaceted Female Decision-making and Agricultural Yields in Tanzania," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2017-05, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    13. Ángel Luis González Esteban, 2014. "Nuevos paradigmas agrarios: una aproximación a los fundamentos teóricos de la «soberanía alimentaria»," Historia Agraria. Revista de Agricultura e Historia Rural, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria, issue 64, pages 131-159, december.
    14. World Bank Group, 2015. "Cambodian Agriculture in Transition," World Bank Other Operational Studies 22680, The World Bank.
    15. Timmer, C. Peter, 2013. "Coping with Climate Change: A Food Policy Approach," 2013 Conference (57th), February 5-8, 2013, Sydney, Australia 152188, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    16. Breisinger, Clemens & Diao, Xinshen, 2008. "Economic transformation in theory and practice: What are the messages for Africa?," IFPRI discussion papers 797, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    17. C. Timmer Peter, 2017. "Working Paper 259 - Structural Transformation and Food Security: Their Mutual Interdependence," Working Paper Series 2370, African Development Bank.

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    Keywords

    structural transformation; poverty reduction;

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