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Globalization and Employment: The Impact of Trade on Employment Level and Structure in the Philippines

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  • Orbeta, Aniceto Jr. C.

Abstract

This paper presents one of the few empirical estimates of the impact of globalization, here represented by trade flows, on employment level and structure using Philippine data. Using both aggregate and sub-industry level manufacturing data, the paper shows that increases in the propensity to export shifts the demand for labor upward. It also shows that the impact of the propensity to import on labor demand is unclear yielding from significantly positive to insignificant coefficients. In terms of employment structure, the impact of openness on the proportion of women workers is not significant in the aggregate but at the manufacturing sub-industry level, the increase in the propensity to export is a boon for women workers. Finally, increases in export propensity increase the proportion of low-skilled production workers both at the aggregate and manufacturing sub-industries level.

Suggested Citation

  • Orbeta, Aniceto Jr. C., 2002. "Globalization and Employment: The Impact of Trade on Employment Level and Structure in the Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2002-04, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:phd:dpaper:dp_2002-04
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. de Melo, Jaime & Faini, Riccardo, 1995. "Trade Liberalization, Employment and Migration. Some Simulations for Morocco," CEPR Discussion Papers 1198, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Anne O. Krueger, 1983. "Trade and Employment in Developing Countries, Volume 3: Synthesis and Conclusions," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number krue83-1, January.
    3. Levinsohn, James, 1999. "Employment responses to international liberalization in Chile," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 321-344, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Audi, Marc & Ali, Amjad, 2016. "Gender Gap and Trade Liberalization: An Analysis of some selected SAARC countries," MPRA Paper 83520, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Pankaj Vashisht, 2015. "Creating Manufacturing Jobs in India: Has Openness to Trade Really Helped?," Working Papers id:7126, eSocialSciences.
    3. Vashisht, Pankaj, 2016. "Creating manufacturing jobs in India: Has openness to trade really helped?," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 53-64.
    4. Rafaelita Aldaba, . "Impact of Trade Liberalization on Wage Skill Premium in Philippine Manufacturing," Chapters, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
    5. Orbeta, Aniceto Jr. C., 2002. "Education, Labor Market, and Development: A Review of the Trends and Issues in the Philippines for the Past 25 Years," Discussion Papers DP 2002-19, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    6. repec:ilo:ilowps:370118 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Liao, Christine Marie & Pasadilla, Gloria O., 2004. "Determinants of Individual Trade Policy Preference in the Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2004-16, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    8. Rana Hasan & Karl Robert L. Jandoc, 2010. "Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality in the Philippines," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 201006, University of the Philippines School of Economics.

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