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Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth: Experience in OECD Countries

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  • Paul O’Brien
  • Ann Vourc'h

Abstract

Clean air, clean water, fewer toxic emissions and less household waste are among the key environmental policy objectives that most OECD governments have been pursuing over the past three decades. This effort to take more account of the environmental costs of economic growth has been pursued in a variety of ways in different countries, and has evolved over time with policy instruments that may be technical standards, emission prohibition, tradable permits, taxes, voluntary agreements and many others. This paper surveys aspects of environmental and natural resource policy in a number of OECD countries paying particular attention to how countries succeed in conducting cost-effective and consistent policies in the environment and natural resource areas, not on environmental policy or outcomes per se. Four common themes emerged: attempts to design institutions or processes to achieve co-ordination across policies and sectors; certain sectors where policies make environmental objectives ... La qualité de l’air, la qualité de l’eau, le contrôle des émissions toxiques, la réduction des déchets ménagers et la conservation des ressources naturelles, ont été les principaux objectifs des politiques de l’environnement mises en œuvre dans la plupart de pays de l’OCDE pendant les trente dernières années. L’effort pour mieux prendre en compte les coûts environnementaux de la croissance économique a pris différentes formes dans différents pays, évoluant au cours du temps avec les instruments mis en œuvre tels que les normes techniques, l’interdiction d’émission, les permis échangeables, les taxes et les accords volontaires. Ce document étudie certains aspects de la politique de l’environnement et des ressources naturelles dans plusieurs pays de l’OCDE, et se concentre sur l’efficacité par rapport aux coûts et la cohérence des politiques dans le domaine de l’environnement et des ressources naturelles, et non sur la politique ou l'état de l’environnement en tant que tels. Quatre ...

Suggested Citation

  • Paul O’Brien & Ann Vourc'h, 2001. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth: Experience in OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 293, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:293-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/046738633224
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Paul O'Brien & Ann Vourc'h, 2002. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth: Experience in OECD Countries," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 29(2), pages 93-111, June.
    2. Deborah Roseveare, 2001. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Sweden," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 289, OECD Publishing.
    3. Paul O’Brien, 2001. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in the United States," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 278, OECD Publishing.
    4. Paul O'Brien & David Carey & Jens Høj & Andreas Woergoetter, 2001. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Belgium," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 300, OECD Publishing.
    5. Jean-Marc Burniaux & Joaquim Oliveira Martins, 2000. "Carbon Emission Leakages: A General Equilibrium View," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 242, OECD Publishing.
    6. Paul O'Brien & Jens Høj, 2001. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Denmark," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 277, OECD Publishing.
    7. A. Lans Bovenberg & Lawrence H. Goulder, 2001. "Neutralizing the Adverse Industry Impacts of CO2 Abatement Policies: What Does It Cost?," NBER Chapters,in: Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy, pages 45-90 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Gilbert E. Metcalf, 1998. "A Distributional Analysis of an Environmental Tax Shift," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 9801, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
    9. Ann Vourc'h, 2001. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Canada," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 290, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paul O'Brien & Ann Vourc'h, 2002. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth: Experience in OECD Countries," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 29(2), pages 93-111, June.
    2. Robert P. Hagemann, 2012. "Fiscal Consolidation: Part 6. What Are the Best Policy Instruments for Fiscal Consolidation?," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 937, OECD Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    développement durable; environmental policy; natural resource policies; politique des ressources naturelles; politique environnementale; sustainable development;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q00 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - General
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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