IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Carbon Emission Leakages: A General Equilibrium View


  • Jean-Marc Burniaux
  • Joaquim Oliveira Martins


In December 1997, a number of countries - referred to as the Annex 1 countries - signed the Kyoto Protocol under which they agreed to ceilings on their emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Such unilateral action by a group of countries has often been criticised on the grounds that it could be undermined by the existence of so-called “carbon leakages”. Carbon leakage refers to the possible rise of GHG emissions in countries that do not participate in a carbon abatement coalition. This paper provides a discussion of the key mechanisms and factors underlying the size of carbon leakages. To this aim, we use a two-region, two-final goods simplified CGE framework, incorporating three types of fossil fuels (coal, oil and low-carbon energy), international trade and capital mobility. This framework was designed to make extensive, multidimensional sensitivity analysis tractable. Indeed, a wide range of alternative assumptions and parameterisations would have been difficult or even ... En Décembre 1997, les pays dits “de l’Annexe 1” signaient le Protocole de Kyoto par lequel ils s’engageaient à limiter leurs émissions de gaz à effet de serre (GES). On a souvent mis en doute l’efficacité de ce type d’action unilatérale par un groupe de pays à cause de l’existence possible de ce que l’on peut appeler des « fuites de carbone ». Ces fuites correspondent à l’augmentation induite éventuelle des émissions de GES dans les pays qui ne participent pas à la coalition engagée dans l’effort de réduction des émissions. On trouvera dans ce document une discussion des facteurs et des mécanismes qui déterminent la taille des « fuites de carbone ». Cette analyse utilise un modèle d’Equilibre Général Appliqué (EGA) simplifié comprenant deux régions, deux biens de consommation, trois types d’énergie fossile (charbon, pétrole et une énergie à faible contenu en carbone), du commerce international et de la mobilité interrégionale du capital. Il s’agit avec ce type de modèle de pouvoir ...

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Marc Burniaux & Joaquim Oliveira Martins, 2000. "Carbon Emission Leakages: A General Equilibrium View," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 242, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:242-en

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    computable and other applied general equilibrium models; energy and macroeconomy; exhaustible resources and economic development; modèle d'équilibre général appliqué et calculable; ressources non renouvelables et développement économique; énergie et macroéconomie;

    JEL classification:

    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:242-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.