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Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Denmark


  • Paul O'Brien
  • Jens Høj


This paper analyses aspects of environmental policy in Denmark, including, among others, policy on surface water quality, clean air and support for renewable energy, waste disposal and transport policy. Environmental policies are an important priority in Denmark, with implementation often highly decentralised, but in some cases environmental objectives have been pursued at what seems a high price, perhaps through a wish to support the development of a domestic industry or to protect existing industry from loss of competitiveness. The paper criticises some of the arguments used in favour of this high cost approach in a number of contexts, including wind power subsidies, the carbon tax and the treatment of nutrient discharges from agriculture. The paper also discusses a number of innovative and efficient policies introduced or planned, for example the new approach to promoting renewable energy (including wind power) through tradable “green certificates” and a CO2 trading scheme in ... Ce document analyse certains aspects de la politique de l'environnement au Danemark, dont, entre autres, la politique pour la qualité de l’eau et de l’air, le soutien à l'énergie renouvelable, le traitement des déchets et la politique des transports. La politique de l'environnement, souvent mise en œuvre à un niveau très décentralisé, est une priorité importante au Danemark. Néanmoins, dans certains cas, les objectifs environnementaux semblent avoir été poursuivis à un fort prix, peut-être afin de soutenir le développement de l'industrie nationale ou même pour protéger l’industrie d'une perte de compétitivité. Le document critique les arguments avancés en faveur de ces approches à coût élevé dans un certain nombre de domaine, en particulier les subventions à l'énergie éolienne, la taxe sur le carbone et le traitement des rejets d'éléments fertilisants de l'agriculture. Le document discute également un certain nombre de politiques innovantes et efficientes déjà mises en œuvre ou ...

Suggested Citation

  • Paul O'Brien & Jens Høj, 2001. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Denmark," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 277, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:277-en

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    Cited by:

    1. Paul O'Brien & Ann Vourc'h, 2002. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth: Experience in OECD Countries," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 29(2), pages 93-111, June.

    More about this item


    Danemark; Denmark; développement durable; environmental policy; politique environnementale; sustainable development;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q00 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - General
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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