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Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Sweden

  • Deborah Roseveare

This paper analyses Sweden’s policies for addressing a range of key environmental challenges. Although Sweden has a deliberately comprehensive approach to establishing its environmental objectives and policies, some issues have received particular attention. These include acidification and climate change arising from harmful cross-border and global air emissions, damage to waterways stemming from nutrient run-off from farming, and solid waste management. This review concentrates on the scope for Sweden to refine and extend the use of economic instruments to achieve better environmental outcomes in each of these areas. At the same time, more systematic and rigorous use of cost-benefit analysis in designing policies and in evaluating measures that have been put in place, would help Sweden to achieve its desired environmental objectives in the least costly way, or alternatively, to achieve the best environmental results for a given economic sacrifice ... Ce document analyse les politiques développées par la Suède dans son effort pour répondre à plusieurs questions clés sur l’environnement. Malgré l’approche très globale utilisée par la Suède pour l’établissement de ses objectifs environnementaux, quelques aspects en sont ici traités de façon particulière. Il en est ainsi des problèmes de l’acidification et du réchauffement de la planète résultant des émissions de gaz aux niveaux transfrontières ou globaux, l’endommagement des cours d’eau provoqué par les excédents nutritifs du secteur agricole, et la gestion des déchets. La présente étude se concentre sur les possibilités pour la Suède d’affiner et d’élargir l’utilisation d’instruments économiques afin de parvenir aux meilleurs résultats dans chacun de ces domaines. En même temps, une application des techniques d’analyse coût-bénéfice plus rigoureuse et systématique, aussi bien pour le choix de nouvelles politiques que pour l’évaluation des approches actuelles aiderait la Suède à achever ses objectifs environnementaux au moindre coût ou, en d’autres termes, à obtenir de meilleurs résultats environnementaux pour un moindre niveau de sacrifice économique.…

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 289.

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Date of creation: 08 Mar 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:289-en
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