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Analyse comparative des déterminants de la croissance des pays de l’UEMOA et des pays à forte croissance

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  • Dedewanou Finagnon Antoine
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    Cet article fait une analyse comparative de quelques déterminants de la croissance économique dans les pays de l’Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA) et dans les pays à forte croissance afin de proposer des mesures de politique économique pour la relance de la croissance dans les Etats de l’UEMOA. Pour ce faire, nous utilisons les données de la Banque Mondiale sur cinq pays à forte croissance (Brésil, Russie, Inde, Chine, Afrique du Sud) et sept pays de l’UEMOA (Bénin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Niger, Sénégal, Togo) couvrant la période 1980-2013. A partir de l’estimateur DOLS (Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares), nous montrons que l’investissement, les flux nets d’IDE (Investissements Directs Etrangers) et le capital humain influencent positivement la croissance économique des pays à forte croissance. Concernant les pays de l’UEMOA, l’investissement et le capital humain expliquent à long terme la croissance économique. Ainsi, des mesures de politique économique devront être axées sur une bonne gouvernance afin d’attirer, aussi bien, les investisseurs nationaux qu’étrangers dans les pays de l’UEMOA.

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    File URL: http://www.ocppc.ma/sites/default/files/OCPPC-RP1602v2.pdf
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    Paper provided by OCP Policy Center in its series Research papers & Policy papers with number 1602.

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    Length: 26 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2016
    Handle: RePEc:ocp:rpaper:rp-16/02
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