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Market Access, Soil Fertility, and Income in East Africa

  • Takashi Yamano

    (Foundation for Advanced Studies on International Development
    National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies)

  • Yoko Kijima

    (Tsukuba University)

We identify the major factors affecting farm and nonfarm income by using panel data in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda. We supplement the panel data with household-level soil fertility data and road distance data to the nearest urban center. The proportion of the loose surface roads, instead of tarmac roads, has a clear negative association with crop income, livestock income, and per capita income in both Kenya and Uganda. We also find that soil fertility has a clear positive association with crop and livestock incomes in Kenya, but not in Uganda and Ethiopia. In Kenya, farmers produce not only cereal crops but also high value crops and engage in dairy and other livestock production if the fertility of the soil is good.

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Paper provided by National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies in its series GRIPS Discussion Papers with number 10-22.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ngi:dpaper:10-22
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  1. Michael Carter & Christopher Barrett, 2006. "The economics of poverty traps and persistent poverty: An asset-based approach," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(2), pages 178-199.
  2. Masahisa Fujita & Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 2001. "The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262561476, June.
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