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Latin American Economic Development: 1950-1980

  • Eliana A. Cardoso
  • Albert Fishlow

The paper stresses the evolutionary and adaptive experience of Latin American growth between 1950 and 1980, and provides a synthetic view by considering the sources of growth within a simple production framework. Regressions use quinquennial panel data for 18 Latin American countries.They provide an estimate of the net return to investment, of the elasticity of output to labor and of the contribution of other variables with influence on efficiency. The regressions show that Latin American growth varied systematically with trade performance. The paper provides information on the effects of inflation upon per capita income growth in the region. There is a negative correlation: an inflation rate of even 20 percent reduces the per capita growth rate by 0.4 percentage point, or almost 1.5 percent of the regional mean of 3 percent growth between 1950 and 1980. This result does not hold, however, once high inflation observations are excluded. Finally we call attention to the persistent problems of income distribution and poverty.

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File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w3161.pdf
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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 3161.

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Date of creation: Nov 1989
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Publication status: published as Cardoso, Eliana and Albert Fishlow. "Latin American Economic Development: 1950–1980." Journal of Latin American Studies 24 Supplement S1 (1992): 197-218.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:3161
Note: ITI IFM
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  1. Grilli, Enzo R & Yang, Maw Cheng, 1988. "Primary Commodity Prices, Manufactured Goods Prices, and the Terms of Trade of Developing Countries: What the Long Run Shows," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 2(1), pages 1-47, January.
  2. Canarella, Giorgio & Pollard, Stephen K., 1989. "Unanticipated monetary growth, output, and the price level in Latin America: An empirical investigation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 345-358, April.
  3. Musgrove, Philip, 1985. "Food Needs and Absolute Poverty in Urban South America," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 31(1), pages 63-83, March.
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