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How do Older Workers use Nontraditional Jobs?

Author

Listed:
  • Alicia H. Munnell
  • Geoffrey T. Sanzenbacher
  • Abigail N. Walters

Abstract

Working consistently through one’s fifties and early sixties is key to attaining retirement security. However, workers also need access to retirement plans – so they can continue to accumulate resources – and health insurance – so they can avoid withdrawing assets in the event of a health shock. Yet, despite the fact that a large literature focuses on nontraditional jobs that often lack these benefits, it is unclear how older workers use these jobs and what the consequences are. This paper uses the Health and Retirement Study to identify nontraditional jobs and relies on sequence analysis to explore how workers ages 50-62 use them. The results suggest that the majority of nontraditional jobs are used by workers consistently, and that fewer workers use these jobs briefly or as a bridge to retirement. In the end, workers consistently in nontraditional jobs end up with less retirement income and are also worse off by a more holistic measure of well-being – the incidence of depression. Given this situation, expanding benefits to workers in non-traditional jobs could increase their well-being in retirement.

Suggested Citation

  • Alicia H. Munnell & Geoffrey T. Sanzenbacher & Abigail N. Walters, 2019. "How do Older Workers use Nontraditional Jobs?," NBER Working Papers 26379, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:26379
    Note: AG
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    JEL classification:

    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions

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