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Management and Shocks to Worker Productivity

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  • Achyuta Adhvaryu
  • Namrata Kala
  • Anant Nyshadham

Abstract

The assignment of workers to tasks is an important feature of the organization of production within firms. We study how task allocation across workers changes in response to productivity shocks. Pairing hourly productivity data from a ready-made garments firm with granular data on exposure to particulate matter pollution, we show that productivity suffers as a result of pollution shocks; this effect is heterogeneous across workers and tasks. Managers respond by reassigning workers to tasks in which they perform better on average during shocks. This response is larger for managers who we identify, via survey-based measurement, as exhibiting greater managerial attention, and these same managers are also the ones who are most able to mitigate resulting productivity declines.

Suggested Citation

  • Achyuta Adhvaryu & Namrata Kala & Anant Nyshadham, 2019. "Management and Shocks to Worker Productivity," NBER Working Papers 25865, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:25865
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    Cited by:

    1. Matthew E. Kahn & Pei Li, 2019. "The Effect of Pollution and Heat on High Skill Public Sector Worker Productivity in China," NBER Working Papers 25594, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Aragón, Fernando M. & Miranda, Juan Jose & Oliva, Paulina, 2017. "Particulate matter and labor supply: The role of caregiving and non-linearities," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 295-309.
    3. Sharma, Smriti & Tarp, Finn, 2018. "Does managerial personality matter? Evidence from firms in Vietnam," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 432-445.
    4. Fu, Shihe & Viard, V. Brian, 2021. "A Mayor’s Perspective on Tackling Air Pollution," MPRA Paper 107434, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Adhvaryu, Achyuta & Bassi, Vittorio & Nyshadham, Anant & Tamayo, Jorge, 2020. "No Line Left Behind: Assortative Matching Inside the Firm," CEPR Discussion Papers 14554, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Gilbert Cette & Jimmy Lopez & Jacques Mairesse & Giuseppe Nicoletti, 2020. "Economic Adjustment during the Great Recession: The Role of Managerial Quality," NBER Working Papers 27954, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. David J. Deming, 2017. "The Growing Importance of Social Skills in the Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 132(4), pages 1593-1640.
    8. Diane Alexander & Hannes Schwandt, 2019. "The Impact of Car Pollution on Infant and Child Health: Evidence from Emissions Cheating," Working Paper Series WP-2019-4, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    9. Gollin, Douglas & Kirchberger, Martina & Lagakos, David, 2017. "In Search of a Spatial Equilibrium in the Developing World," CEPR Discussion Papers 12114, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Shonchoy, Abu S. & Tsubota, Kenmei, 2015. "Economic impact of political protests (strikes) on manufacturing firms : evidence from Bangladesh," IDE Discussion Papers 523, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    11. Fu, Shihe & Viard, Brian & Zhang, Peng, 2017. "Air Quality and Manufacturing Firm Productivity: Comprehensive Evidence from China," MPRA Paper 78914, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Fu, Shihe & Guo, Mengmeng, 2017. "Running with a Mask? The Effect of Air Pollution on Marathon Runners’ Performance," MPRA Paper 79473, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Shihe Fu & V. Brian Viard, 2021. "A Mayor’s Perspective on Tackling Air Pollution," GRU Working Paper Series GRU_2021_009, City University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics and Finance, Global Research Unit.
    14. Pascaline Dupas & Edward Miguel, 2016. "Impacts and Determinants of Health Levels in Low-Income Countries," NBER Working Papers 22235, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Iqbal, Kazi & Tsubota, Kenmei & Shonchoy, Abu S & Hoque, Mainul, 2018. "Political instability and stock market returns : evidence from firm-level panel data of securities in Bangladesh," IDE Discussion Papers 712, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    16. Melvin Stephens, Jr. & Desmond J. Toohey, 2018. "The Impact of Health on Labor Market Outcomes: Experimental Evidence from MRFIT," NBER Working Papers 24231, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    17. Achyuta Adhvaryu & Namrata Kala & Anant Nyshadham, 2018. "The Light and the Heat: Productivity Co-benefits of Energy-saving Technology," NBER Working Papers 24314, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Wang, Chunchao & Lin, Qianqian & Qiu, Yun, 2020. "Productivity Loss amid Invisible Pollution," GLO Discussion Paper Series 722, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    19. Achyuta Adhvaryu, 2018. "Managerial quality and worker productivity in developing countries," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 429-429, February.
    20. Emma Boswell Dean & Frank Schilbach & Heather Schofield, 2017. "Poverty and Cognitive Function," NBER Chapters, in: The Economics of Poverty Traps, pages 57-118, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    21. Fernando M. Aragon & Juan Jose Miranda & Paulina Oliva, 2016. "Particulate matter and labor supply: evidence from Peru," Discussion Papers dp16-01, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University.
    22. Amodio, Francesco & Martinez-Carrasco, Miguel A., 2019. "Inputs, Incentives, and Self-Selection at the Workplace," IZA Discussion Papers 12840, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    23. Francesco Amodio & Miguel A Martinez-Carrasco, 2018. "Input Allocation, Workforce Management and Productivity Spillovers: Evidence from Personnel Data," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 85(4), pages 1937-1970.
    24. Achyuta Adhvaryu & Anant Nyshadham & Jorge A. Tamayo, 2019. "Managerial Quality and Productivity Dynamics," NBER Working Papers 25852, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    25. Sharma, Smriti & Tarp, Finn, 2018. "Does managerial personality matter? Evidence from firms in Vietnam," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 432-445.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • M11 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Production Management
    • M54 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Management

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