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Friends or Foes: The Interrelationship between Angel and Venture Capital Markets

  • Thomas F. Hellmann
  • Veikko Thiele

This paper develops a theory of how angel and venture capital markets interact. Entrepreneurs first receive angel then venture capital funding. The two investor types are 'friends' in that they rely upon each other's investments. However, they are also 'foes', because at the later stage the venture capitalists no longer need the angels. Using a costly search model we derive the equilibrium deal flows across the two markets, endogenously deriving market sizes, competitive structures, valuation levels, and exit rates. We discuss how the model generates alternative testable hypotheses for the recent rise of angel investing.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 20147.

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Date of creation: May 2014
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Publication status: published as Hellmann, Thomas & Thiele, Veikko, 2015. "Friends or foes? The interrelationship between angel and venture capital markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(3), pages 639-653.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:20147
Note: CF
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