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Friends or Foes: The Interrelationship between Angel and Venture Capital Markets

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  • Thomas F. Hellmann
  • Veikko Thiele

Abstract

This paper develops a theory of how angel and venture capital markets interact. Entrepreneurs first receive angel then venture capital funding. The two investor types are 'friends' in that they rely upon each other's investments. However, they are also 'foes', because at the later stage the venture capitalists no longer need the angels. Using a costly search model we derive the equilibrium deal flows across the two markets, endogenously deriving market sizes, competitive structures, valuation levels, and exit rates. We discuss how the model generates alternative testable hypotheses for the recent rise of angel investing.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas F. Hellmann & Veikko Thiele, 2014. "Friends or Foes: The Interrelationship between Angel and Venture Capital Markets," NBER Working Papers 20147, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:20147 Note: CF
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kim, Jin-Hyuk & Wagman, Liad, 2016. "Early-stage entrepreneurial financing: A signaling perspective," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 12-22.
    2. Josh Lerner & Antoinette Schoar & Stanislav Sokolinski & Karen Wilson, 2015. "The Globalization of Angel Investments: Evidence across Countries," NBER Working Papers 21808, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Michael Ewens & Ramana Nanda & Matthew Rhodes-Kropf, 2015. "Cost of Experimentation and the Evolution of Venture Capital," Harvard Business School Working Papers 15-070, Harvard Business School, revised Mar 2017.
    4. Michele Cincera & Anabela Marques Santos, 2015. "Innovation and Access to Finance – A Review of the Literature," iCite Working Papers WP2015-16, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    5. Michele Cincera & Anabela Santos, "undated". "Innovation and Access to Finance," IRMO Occasional Papers 6, Institute for Development and International Relations, Zagreb.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship

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