The Origins of Early Childhood Anthropometric Persistence
Rates of childhood obesity have increased dramatically in the last few decades. Non-causal evidence suggests that childhood obesity is highly persistent over the life cycle. However little in known about the origins of this persistence. In this paper we attempt to answer three questions. First, how do anthropometric measures evolve from birth through primary school? Second, what is the causal effect of past anthropometric outcomes on future anthropometric outcomes? In other words, how important is state dependence in the evolution of anthropometric measures during the early part of the life cycle. Third, how important are time-varying and time invariant factors in the dynamics of childhood anthropometric measures? We find that anthropometric measures are highly persistent from infancy through primary school. Moreover, most of this persistence is driven by unobserved, time invariant factors that are determined prior to birth, consistent with the so-called fetal origins hypothesis. As such, policy interventions designed to improve child anthropometric status will only have meaningful, long-run effects if these time invariant factors are altered. Unfortunately, future research is needed to identify such factors, although evidence suggests that maternal nutrition may play an important role.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
|Date of creation:||Oct 2013|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://www.nber.org
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Michelle S. Goeree & John C. Ham & Daniela Iorio, 2009.
"Caught in the bulimic trap? Persistence and state dependence of bulimia among young women,"
IEW - Working Papers
447, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich, revised Jul 2012.
- Michelle Goeree & John Ham & Daniela Iorio, 2011. "Caught in the Bulimic Trap? Persistence and State Dependence of Bulimia Among Young Women," Working Papers 2011-033, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
- Goeree, Michelle S. & Ham, John C. & Iorio, Daniela, 2011. "Caught in the Bulimic Trap? Persistence and State Dependence of Bulimia Among Young Women," IZA Discussion Papers 5824, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- John Ham & Daniela Iorio & Michelle Sovinsky, 2012. "Caught in the Bulimic Trap? Persistence and State Dependence of Bulimia Among Young Women," Working Papers 2012-018, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
- John Cawley & Chad Meyerhoefer, 2010.
"The Medical Care Costs of Obesity: An Instrumental Variables Approach,"
NBER Working Papers
16467, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Cawley, John & Meyerhoefer, Chad, 2012. "The medical care costs of obesity: An instrumental variables approach," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 219-230.
- David N. Figlio & Jonathan Guryan & Krzysztof Karbownik & Jeffrey Roth, 2013.
"The Effects of Poor Neonatal Health on Children's Cognitive Development,"
NBER Working Papers
18846, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- David Figlio & Jonathan Guryan & Krzysztof Karbownik & Jeffrey Roth, 2014. "The Effects of Poor Neonatal Health on Children's Cognitive Development," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(12), pages 3921-55, December.
- Debopam Bhattacharya & Bhashkar Mazumder, 2011. "A nonparametric analysis of black–white differences in intergenerational income mobility in the United States," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 2(3), pages 335-379, November.
- Millimet, Daniel L. & Tchernis, Rusty, 2013. "Anthropometric Mobility During Childhood," IZA Discussion Papers 7453, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Douglas Almond & Janet Currie, 2011. "Killing Me Softly: The Fetal Origins Hypothesis," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 25(3), pages 153-72, Summer.
- Daniel L. Millimet & Rusty Tchernis, 2013.
"Estimation Of Treatment Effects Without An Exclusion Restriction: With An Application To The Analysis Of The School Breakfast Program,"
Journal of Applied Econometrics,
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 28(6), pages 982-1017, 09.
- Daniel L. Millimet & Rusty Tchernis, 2009. "Estimation of Treatment Effects Without an Exclusion Restriction: with an Application to the Analysis of the School Breakfast Program," NBER Working Papers 15539, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19554. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.