Inequality Foundations of Concentration Measures: An Application to the Hannah-Kay Indices
In this paper we provide a connection between concentration and inequality by showing that the inequality measures consistent with the whole class of Hannah-Kay concentration indices are the general entropy inequality indices. We isolate the inequality component underlying the concentration measures, obtaining an explicit additive decomposition of the change in concentration into the change in its two components: inequality and the number of firms. This relationship proves to be valid for the whole class of Hannah-Kay concentration indices, and embodies as particular cases other previously found in the literature. Finally, our proposed decomposition is shown by means of an empirical example, which illustrates the sources of a change in sectoral concentration between two points in time.
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- Marfels, Christian, 1971. "Absolute and Relative Measures of Concentration Reconsidered," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(4), pages 753-766.
- Dasgupta, Partha & Sen, Amartya & Starrett, David, 1973. "Notes on the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 180-187, April.
- Encaoua, David & Jacquemin, Alexis, 1980. "Degree of Monopoly, Indices of Concentration and Threat of Entry," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 21(1), pages 87-105, February.
- Salas, Rafael, 1998. "Welfare-consistent inequality indices in changing populations:: The marginal population replication axiomA Note," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 145-150, January.
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