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Von Neumann-Morgenstern Stable Sets in Matching Problems

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  • EHLERS, Lars

Abstract

The following properties of the core of a one well-known: (i) the core is non-empty; (ii) the core is a lattice; and (iii) the set of unmatched agents is identical for any two matchings belonging to the core. The literature on two-sided matching focuses almost exclusively on the core and studies extensively its properties. Our main result is the following characterization of (von Neumann-Morgenstern) stable sets in one-to-one matching problem only if it is a maximal set satisfying the following properties : (a) the core is a subset of the set; (b) the set is a lattice; (c) the set of unmatched agents is identical for any two matchings belonging to the set. Furthermore, a set is a stable set if it is the unique maximal set satisfying properties (a), (b) and (c). We also show that our main result does not extend from one-to-one matching problems to many-to-one matching problems.

Suggested Citation

  • EHLERS, Lars, 2005. "Von Neumann-Morgenstern Stable Sets in Matching Problems," Cahiers de recherche 2005-11, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:mtl:montde:2005-11
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1866/540
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    Cited by:

    1. Luo, Xiao, 2009. "The foundation of stability in extensive games with perfect information," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(12), pages 860-868, December.
    2. P. Jean-Jacques Herings & Ana Mauleon & Vincent Vannetelbosch, 2017. "Matching with Myopic and Farsighted Players," Working Papers 2017.34, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    3. Vannetelbosch, Vincent J. & Mauleon, Ana & Vergote, Wouter, 2011. "Von Neumann-Morgenstern farsightedly stable sets in two-sided matching," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 6(3), September.
    4. Eric Weese, 2015. "Political mergers as coalition formation: An analysis of the Heisei municipal amalgamations," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 6(2), pages 257-307, July.
    5. Ehlers, Lars, 2007. "Von Neumann-Morgenstern stable sets in matching problems," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 134(1), pages 537-547, May.
    6. Jean-Jacques Herings, P. & Mauleon, Ana & Vannetelbosch, Vincent, 2017. "Stable sets in matching problems with coalitional sovereignty and path dominance," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 14-19.
    7. Bando, Keisuke, 2014. "On the existence of a strictly strong Nash equilibrium under the student-optimal deferred acceptance algorithm," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 269-287.
    8. Philipp Otto & Friedel Bolle, 2011. "Matching markets with price bargaining," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 14(3), pages 322-348, September.
    9. Iñarra García, María Elena & Larrea Jaurrieta, María Concepción & Molis Bañales, Elena, 2007. "The Stability of the Roommate Problem Revisited," IKERLANAK 2007-30, Universidad del País Vasco - Departamento de Fundamentos del Análisis Económico I.
    10. Bettina Klaus & Flip Klijn & Markus Walzl, 2011. "Farsighted Stability for Roommate Markets," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 13(6), pages 921-933, December.
    11. Otto, Philipp E. & Bolle, Friedel, 2009. "Small numbers matching markets: Unstable and inefficient due to over-competition?," Discussion Papers 270, European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder), Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    12. Toshiyuki Hirai, 2008. "von Neumann–Morgenstern stable sets of income tax rates in public good economies," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 37(1), pages 81-98, October.
    13. Ana Mauleon & Elena Molis & Vincent Vannetelbosch & Wouter Vergote, 2014. "Dominance invariant one-to-one matching problems," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 43(4), pages 925-943, November.
    14. Marina Núñez & Carles Rafels, 2009. "Von Neumann-Morgenstern stable-set solutions in the assignment market," Working Papers 412, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    15. Florian M. Biermann, 2011. "A Measure to compare Matchings in Marriage Markets," Working Papers 005-11, International School of Economics at TSU, Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia.
    16. MAULEON, Ana & MOLIS, Elena & VANNETELBOSCH, Vincent & VERGOTE, Wouter, 2011. "Absolutely stable roommate problems," CORE Discussion Papers 2011029, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    17. Francis Bloch & Anne van den Nouweland, 2017. "Farsighted Stability with Heterogeneous Expectations," Working Papers 2017.31, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    18. Doğan, Battal, 2016. "Responsive affirmative action in school choice," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 165(C), pages 69-105.
    19. Dinko Dimitrov & Shao Chin Sung, 2011. "Size Monotonicity and Stability of the Core in Hedonic Games," Working Papers 2011.52, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    20. Iñarra, E. & Larrea, C. & Molis, E., 2013. "Absorbing sets in roommate problems," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 165-178.
    21. Hannu Vartiainen, 2015. "Dynamic stable set as a tournament solution," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 45(2), pages 309-327, September.
    22. Núñez, Marina & Rafels, Carles, 2013. "Von Neumann–Morgenstern solutions in the assignment market," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 148(3), pages 1282-1291.
    23. Herings, P.J.J. & Mauleon, A. & Vannetelbosch, V., 2014. "Stability of networks under level-k farsightedness," Research Memorandum 030, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).

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    Keywords

    Matching Problem; Von Neumann-Morgenstern Stable Sets;

    JEL classification:

    • C78 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
    • J44 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Professional Labor Markets and Occupations

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