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A note on the Drèze’s criterion for large capitalist firms




The paper extends the Drèze's Criterion [Investment under private ownership : optimality, equilibrium and stability, in «Allocation under Uncertainty ; Equilibrium and Optimality», Wiley, New York, 1974, p.129] for firms to non-smooth and non-convex technologies and to non-ordered preferences for the consumers. Technically, the proofs follow the lines of Guesnerie [Pareto Optimality in Non-convex Economies, in Econometrica, 43, p. 1-31, (1975)]. Using recent tools of non-smooth analysis, we exhibit the first-order-necessary conditions for constrained Pareto optimal allocations. The Drèze's criterion for firms is recovered, but the profit maximization is replaced by a first-order- necessary condition for optimality, together with other relations between state prices and consumptions. A new stock-market equilibrium is formalized. We show that stock holders buy nothing but stocks of a firm that maximize his expected profit with respect to his own shadow price.

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  • Jean-Marc Bonnisseau & Oussama Lachiri, 2004. "A note on the Drèze’s criterion for large capitalist firms," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques b04120, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  • Handle: RePEc:mse:wpsorb:b04120

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Grossman, Sanford J & Hart, Oliver D, 1979. "A Theory of Competitive Equilibrium in Stock Market Economies," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(2), pages 293-329, March.
    2. Egbert Dierker & Hildegard Dierker & Birgit Grodal, 1999. "Incomplete Markets and the Firm," CIE Discussion Papers 1999-05, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Industrial Economics.
    3. Guesnerie, Roger, 1975. "Pareto Optimality in Non-Convex Economies," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 43(1), pages 1-29, January.
    4. Cornet, B., 1986. "The second welfare theorem in nonconvex economies," CORE Discussion Papers 1986030, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    5. Geanakoplos, J. & Magill, M. & Quinzii, M. & Dreze, J., 1990. "Generic inefficiency of stock market equilibrium when markets are incomplete," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1-2), pages 113-151.
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    More about this item


    Stock market; non-smooth analysis; present value; market value.;

    JEL classification:

    • C60 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - General
    • D51 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Exchange and Production Economies
    • D52 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Incomplete Markets
    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General

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