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Croissance économique, commerce international et emploi décent : cas du Burkina Faso

  • Adama Zerbo

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

A cause notamment de l’absence de méthodes adéquates permettant de l’examiner profondément, la relation entre la croissance économique et l’emploi décent reste insuffisamment explorée. Pour ce faire, ce papier propose une nouvelle approche d’analyse de ce lien, permettant de décomposer l’élasticité-revenu de l’emploi décent comme étant la moyenne des effets-intensité des facteurs macroéconomiques de la croissance, pondérés par leurs effets-quantité. Cette nouvelle approche permet, entre autres, d’appréhender les contributions des domaines/politiques économiques à l’intensité de la croissance en emploi, ainsi que de cerner les leviers macroéconomiques sur lesquels il conviendrait d’agir afin d’enrichir davantage la croissance économique en emploi décent. L’examen du cas du Burkina Faso à partir de cette nouvelle approche montre, d’une part, qu’aucun facteur de la croissance économique n’a joué véritablement le rôle de moteur de l’emploi décent et, d’autre part, que l’ouverture commerciale de ce pays appauvrit la croissance économique en emploi protégé. In part because of lack of analytical method to examine deeply the relationship between economic growth and decent employment, it is still insufficiently explored. Thus, this paper proposes a new analytical approach of this link, to decompose the elasticity of decent employment in relation of national income, as the average of intensity effects of growth factors, weighted by their quantity effects. This new approach allows assessing contributions of economic policies to growth intensity in employment, identifying macroeconomic levers on which action should be taken so that growth will be increasingly rich in decent work. Examination of the case of Burkina Faso based on this new approach shows that, a hand, there is no growth factor in this country, which is a motor of decent employment and, secondly, the international trade of this country impoverishes growth economic in decent employment. (Full text in french)

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Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 156.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:156
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  1. David Dollar & Aart Kraay, 2004. "Trade, Growth, and Poverty," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(493), pages F22-F49, 02.
  2. Ann Harrison, 2006. "Globalization and Poverty," NBER Working Papers 12347, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 1-118.
  4. Ravallion, Martin & Shaohua Chen, 1996. "What can new survey data tell us about recent changes in distribution and poverty?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1694, The World Bank.
  5. Edwards, Sebastian, 1998. "Openness, Productivity and Growth: What Do We Really Know?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(447), pages 383-98, March.
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