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Is the Washington Consensus Dead? Growth, Openness, and the Great Liberalization, 1970s–2000s

Listed author(s):
  • Antoni Estevadeordal

    (Inter-American Development Bank)

  • Alan M. Taylor

    (University of California, Davis, NBER, and CEPR)

According to the Washington Consensus, developing countries' growth would benefit from reductions in barriers to trade. However, the empirical basis for judging trade reforms is weak. Econometrics are mostly ad hoc, results are typically not judged against models, policies are poorly measured, and most studies are based on pre-1990 experience. We address these concerns by employing a model with capital and intermediate goods, compiling new disaggregated tariff measures, and employing treatment and control regression analysis with differences-in-differences. We find that a specific treatment, liberalizing tariffs on imported capital and intermediate goods, led to faster growth, consistent with the model. © 2013 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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File URL: http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1162/REST_a_00358
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Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 95 (2013)
Issue (Month): 5 (December)
Pages: 1669-1690

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:95:y:2013:i:5:p:1669-1690
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