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Quels itinéraires d'intégration au commerce mondial pour plus d'emplois décents ?

Listed author(s):
  • Adama Zerbo

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

Ce travail s’est fixé pour objectif d’approfondir les résultats empiriques selon lesquels une ouverture commerciale associée à un déficit élevé de la balance des produits manufacturés accentuerait la vulnérabilité de l’emploi. Ainsi, partant du théorème de décomposition de l’élasticité de l’emploi, des approches permettant de cerner les expériences d’ouverture commerciale et leurs impacts sur l’emploi ont été développées et appliquées sur un échantillon de 123 pays. Les résultats empiriques montrent que les itinéraires d’intégration au commerce mondial caractérisés par un degré d’ouverture élevé réduisent la vulnérabilité de l’emploi que s’ils sont accompagnés du développement et de l’amélioration de la compétitivité des secteurs économiques à fort potentiel d’emplois décents tel que le secteur manufacturier ; dans le cas contraire, ils accentuent la vulnérabilité de l’emploi. Les expériences d’ouverture commerciale basées sur les exportations de produits miniers n’ont pas d’effets significatifs sur l’emploi. This work aimed to deepen the empirical results according to which trade openness associated with high deficit of manufactured goods balance would exacerbate vulnerability of employment. Thus, starting from the decomposition theorem of employment elasticity, approaches to understanding experiences of trade openness and its impact on employment have been developed and applied on a sample of 123 countries. Empirical results show that the routes of integration into world trade characterized by high degree of trade openness reduce the vulnerability of employment only if they are accompanied by the development and improvement of the competitiveness of economic sectors with high potential decent works, such as manufacturing; otherwise they increase the vulnerability of employment. Experiences of trade openness based on mining exports have no significant effect on employment.(Full text in french)

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Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 166.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: May 2011
Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:166
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Adama Zerbo, 2010. "Croissance économique, commerce international et emploi décent : cas du Burkina Faso," Documents de travail 156, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  2. Adama Zerbo, 2011. "Gagnants ou perdants du commerce international : impact de l'ouverture commerciale sur la vulnérabilité de l'emploi," Documents de travail 162, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
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