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Alcohol Consumption, Smoking and Wages

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Abstract

The good health of an individual is a combination of uncontrollable factors that includes genetics and random events and controllable factors through the regulation of activities such as smoking and drinking. Since the work of Grossman (1972) a significant relationship between health and earnings is predicted. In this paper, the 1995 Australian National Health Survey is used to simultaneously examine the effects of drinking and smoking on wages. To model the interaction of smoking with alcohol consumption separate models are fit for smokers and nonsmokers. These models account for potential selectivity bias resulting from the decision to smoke and endogeneity arising from a potential casual relationship between earnings and alcohol consumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Hirschberg, J. & Lye, J.N., 2000. "Alcohol Consumption, Smoking and Wages," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 764, The University of Melbourne.
  • Handle: RePEc:mlb:wpaper:764
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    File URL: http://www.economics.unimelb.edu.au/downloads/wpapers-00-01/764.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Bush, Robert & Wooden, Mark, 1995. "Smoking and absence from work: Australian evidence," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 437-446, August.
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    7. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-255, March-Apr.
    8. Mullahy, John & Sindelar, Jody L, 1993. "Alcoholism, Work, and Income," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(3), pages 494-520, July.
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    10. Lee, Lung-fei & Maddala, G S & Trost, R P, 1980. "Asymptotic Covariance Matrices of Two-Stage Probit and Two-Stage Tobit Methods for Simultaneous Equations Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(2), pages 491-503, March.
    11. Vivian Hamilton & Barton H. Hamilton, 1997. "Alcohol and Earnings: Does Drinking Yield a Wage Premium," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(1), pages 135-151, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Shao-Hsun Keng & Sheng-Jang Sheu, 2013. "The effect of stimulants and their combined use with cigarettes on mortality: the case of betel quid," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 14(4), pages 677-695, August.
    2. John Freebairn, 2010. "Special Taxation of Alcoholic Beverages to Correct Market Failures," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 29(2), pages 200-214, June.
    3. van Ours, J.C., 2002. "A Pint a Day Raises a Man's Pay; But Smoking Blows that Gain Away," Discussion Paper 2002-20, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    4. Pierre Pestieau & Gregory Ponthiere, 2012. "Myopia, regrets, and risky behaviors," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 19(2), pages 288-317, April.
    5. van Ours, Jan C., 2004. "A pint a day raises a man's pay; but smoking blows that gain away," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(5), pages 863-886, September.
    6. Lokshin, Mikhail & Sajaia, Zurab, 2007. "The Economic Cost of Smoking: Differences in Wages between Smokers and Non-smokers in Russia," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 6(2), pages 60-80.
    7. Heineck, Guido & Schwarze, Johannes, 2003. "Substance Use and Earnings: The Case of Smokers in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 743, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Joseph G. Hirschberg & Jenny N. Lye, 2004. "Inferences for the Extremum of Quadratic Regression Models," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 906, The University of Melbourne.
    9. Lixin Cai, 2009. "Effects of Health on Wages of Australian Men," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 85(270), pages 290-306, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    WAGES ; ALCOHOL ; CONSUMPTION ; MODELS;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • I19 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Other

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