Climate policy integration beyond principled priority: a framework for analysis
Countries aiming to achieve ambitious international and national climate objectives need to integrate climate considerations into all sectoral policies. This contribution argues that since climate change is a diffuse and complex challenge, Climate Policy Integration cannot simply be modeled after the well-established principled priority of Environmental Policy Integration but requires a separate analytical framework. It distinguishes four levels of Climate Policy Integration: the EU strategic level, the EU policy-design level, the national strategy-setting and the national implementation level. Options available on the EU policy-design level are traditional single-purpose climate policies and Climate Policy Integration. Type-1 Climate Policy Integration refers to policy areas with inherent co-benefits for climate action such as renewable energy policy, while the mainstreaming approach (type-2) requires incentives or conditionalities such as regulatory support as policies have no inherent co-benefits. A case study on the German climate strategy illustrates Climate Policy Integration on the national strategy-setting level.
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- Jørgen K. Knudsen, 2010. "Integration of Environmental Concerns in a Trans-Atlantic Perspective: The Case of Renewable Electricity," Review of Policy Research, Policy Studies Organization, vol. 27(2), pages 127-146, 03.
- Imran Habib Ahmad, 2009. "Climate Policy Integration: Towards Operationalization," Working Papers 73, United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
- Hadi Dowlatabadi, 2007. "On integration of policies for climate and global change," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 12(5), pages 651-663, June.
- J.B. (Hans) Opschoor, 2009. "Sustainability," Chapters, in: Handbook of Economics and Ethics, chapter 69 Edward Elgar Publishing.
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