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Poverty, Labor Force Status and the Social Safety Net


  • Marc Rubin


This paper culminates the work undertaken in a larger study on income and labor force status commissioned by USAID in 1995. It explores populations at risk in Eastern Europe, and attempts to address three questions: Who are the poor? How much protection do these people receive from the social safety net? And How much might have to be spent to change their economic status? More specifically, a theoretical model linking the incidence of poverty to unemployment and/or being out of the labor force is posited and estimated using the logistic regression. The estimates are conditioned on the presence of other known poverty related variables which enter in both confounding and effect modifying capacities. Results from this exercise feed into a quantitative policy assessment of the adequacy of current welfare programs for those populations identified by the model as being at risk.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Rubin, 1996. "Poverty, Labor Force Status and the Social Safety Net," LIS Working papers 141, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
  • Handle: RePEc:lis:liswps:141

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ahmad, S Ehtisham, 1993. "Poverty, Demographic Characteristics and Public Policy in CIS Countries," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 48(Supplemen), pages 366-379.
    2. Ahmad, Ehtisham, 1992. "Poverty, Inequality, and Public Policy in Transition Economies," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 47(Supplemen), pages 94-106.
    3. Van den Bosch, Karel & Callan, Tim & Estivill, Jordi & Hausman, Piette & Jeandidier, Bruno & Muffels, Ruud & Yfantopoulos, John, 1993. "A Comparison of Poverty in Seven European Countries and Regions Using Subjective and Relative Measures," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 6(3), pages 235-259.
    4. Ehtisham Ahmad, 1993. "Poverty, Demographic Characteristics, and Public Policy in Cis Countries," IMF Working Papers 93/9, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Borooah, Vani K & McGregor, Patrick, 1991. "The Measurement and Decomposition of Poverty: An Analysis Based on the 1985 Family Expenditure Survey for Northern Ireland," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 59(4), pages 357-377, December.
    6. Sara McLanahan & Irwin Garfinkel & Lynne Casper, 1994. "The Gender Poverty Gap: What Can We Learn From Other Countries?," LIS Working papers 112, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    7. McKinley L. Blackburn, 1990. "Trends In Poverty In The United States, 1967–84," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 36(1), pages 53-66, March.
    8. Panos Tsakloglou, 1990. "Aspects Of Poverty In Greece," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 36(4), pages 381-402, December.
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