IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Services supérieurs et recomposition urbaine

Listed author(s):
  • BOITEUX, Céline


    (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

  • HURIOT, Jean-Marie


    (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

Registered author(s):

    Since the 1980s, we have observed an increasing tendency of specialized services like producer services to leave their " natural habitat " in the center of large metropolitan areas in order to relocate in suburban zones. This phenomenon is particularly apparent in North American cities and seems to be occurring around certain French cities too. This paper investigates the forms taken by this new trend, and the reasons behind it. Taking economic geography and economics of cities as our theoretical basis, we first describe the main forces determining the agglomeration of producer services and their preference for certain big cities. Agglomeration factors are to be looked for not only in production factors, and then mainly in information and skilled labor, but also in the specific demand characteristics of producer services. Second, we attempt to explain the recent movement of deconcentration of producer services. This process is the result of classical dispersion forces such as congestion or competition for land, but also of more specific factors associated with new communication technologies, workers' lifestyles and the product cycle. The differences between North American and French observations can be ascribed to differences in the nature of the agglomeration and dispersion forces at work. / Depuis le début des années 1980, on constate une tendance croissante des services spécialisés à quitter leur " habitat naturel " dans le centre des grandes zones métropolitaines pour se relocaliser dans des zones suburbaines. Ce phénomène apparaît clairement aux Etats-Unis dans le rapide développement des edge cities, mais il est plus discret en France. L'objectif de ce papier est d'analyser les raisons et les formes de ce phénomène. D'abord, sur les bases théoriques de l'économie géographique et de l'économie des villes, nous souhaitons identifier les principales forces d'agglomération qui poussent les services aux entreprises à se localiser dans les grandes villes. Elles sont liées d'une part à des contraintes de production relatives aux échanges d'informations et aux besoins en main d'oeuvre qualifiée, et d'autre part aux exigences de la demande. Ensuite, nous essayons d'expliquer le récent mouvement de déconcentration des services supérieurs aux entreprises. Ce processus résulte de forces classiques de dispersion comme la congestion et la concurrence pour l'occupation du sol, mais aussi de forces spécifiques liées au développement des nouvelles technologies de la communication, au mode de vie des travailleurs et au cycle du produit. Les différences entre les observations nord-américaines et françaises peuvent être attribuées à des différences de nature des forces d'agglomération et de dispersion à l'oeuvre.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne in its series LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) with number 2000-02.

    in new window

    Length: 31 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2000
    Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:2000-02
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Pôle d'Economie et de Gestion - 2, bd Gabriel - BP 26611 - F-21066 Dijon cedex - France

    Phone: 00 333 80 39 54 41
    Fax: 00 333 80 39 54 43
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. Fujita, Masahisa & Krugman, Paul, 1995. "When is the economy monocentric?: von Thunen and Chamberlin unified," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 505-528, August.
    2. Henderson, J V, 1974. "The Sizes and Types of Cities," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(4), pages 640-656, September.
    3. Abdel-Rahman, Hesham M., 1996. "When do cities specialize in production?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 1-22, February.
    4. Williamson, Oliver E, 1979. "Transaction-Cost Economics: The Governance of Contractural Relations," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(2), pages 233-261, October.
    5. Hamilton, Jonathan & Thisse, Jacques-Francois & Zenou, Yves, 2000. "Wage Competition with Heterogeneous Workers and Firms," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 18(3), pages 453-472, July.
    6. Fujita,Masahisa & Thisse,Jacques-François, 2013. "Economics of Agglomeration," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107001411, August.
    7. Fujita, Masahisa & Mori, Tomoya, 1997. "Structural stability and evolution of urban systems," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(4-5), pages 399-442, August.
    8. Imai, Haruo, 1982. "CBD hypothesis and economies of agglomeration," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 275-299, December.
    9. Thomas Le Jeannic, 1997. "Trente ans de périurbanisation : extension et dilution des villes," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 307(1), pages 21-41.
    10. GUILLAIN, Rachel & HURIOT, Jean-Marie, 1998. "Informational Interactions and the Future of Cities," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 1998-10, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
    11. Abdel-Rahman, Hesham M., 1990. "Agglomeration economies, types, and sizes of cities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 25-45, January.
    12. Gehrig, Thomas, 1998. "Cities and the Geography of Financial Centres," CEPR Discussion Papers 1894, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Glaeser, Edward L & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(6), pages 1126-1152, December.
      • Edward L. Glaeser & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1991. "Growth in Cities," NBER Working Papers 3787, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
      • Glaeser, Edward Ludwig & Kallal, Hedi D. & Scheinkman, Jose A. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Scholarly Articles 3451309, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    14. Thérèse Saint-Julien & Laurence-Marie Sabotier, 1996. "La diffusion des services aux entreprises dans le réseau des villes françaises," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 294(1), pages 153-163.
    15. Hubert Jayet & Raymond Bénard & Dominique Rajaonarison, 1999. "L'environnement souhaité par les entreprises. une enquête dans le Nord-Pas-de-Calais," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 326(1), pages 177-187.
    16. Fujita, Masahisa & Krugman, Paul & Mori, Tomoya, 1999. "On the evolution of hierarchical urban systems1," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 209-251, February.
    17. Anas, Alex, 1992. "On the birth and growth of cities: : Laissez-faire and planning compared," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 243-258, June.
    18. Huriot,Jean-Marie & Thisse,Jacques-François (ed.), 2000. "Economics of Cities," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521641906, October.
    19. Rauch James E., 1993. "Productivity Gains from Geographic Concentration of Human Capital: Evidence from the Cities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 380-400, November.
    20. James A. Orr & Rae D. Rosen, 1997. "The New York - New Jersey job recovery," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 3(Oct).
    21. Kim, Sunwoong, 1989. "Labor Specialization and the Extent of the Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(3), pages 692-705, June.
    22. Philippe Julien & Denise Pumain, 1996. "Fonctions stratégiques et images des villes," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 294(1), pages 127-135.
    23. Abdel-Rahman, Hesham M., 1994. "Economies of scope in intermediate goods and a system of cities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 497-524, August.
    24. Jean-Pierre Delisle & Frédéric Laine, 1998. "Les transferts d'établissements contribuent au desserrement urbain," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 311(1), pages 91-106.
    25. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:2000-02. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Odile Ferry)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.