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Raising Capital from Heterogeneous Investors

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  • Marina Halac
  • Ilan Kremer
  • Eyal Winter

Abstract

A rm raises capital from multiple investors to fund a project. The project succeeds only if the capital raised exceeds a stochastic threshold, and the rm offers payments contingent on success. We study the rm's optimal unique-implementation scheme, namely the scheme that guarantees the rm the maximum payoff. This scheme pays investors differential net returns (per unit of capital) depending on the size of their investments. We show that if the distribution of the investment threshold is log-concave, larger investors receive higher net returns than smaller investors. Moreover, higher dispersion in investor size increases the rm's payoff. Our analysis highlights strategic risk as an important potential driver of inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Marina Halac & Ilan Kremer & Eyal Winter, 2018. "Raising Capital from Heterogeneous Investors," Working Papers 245773051, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:lan:wpaper:245773051
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    Keywords

    mechanism design; contracting with externalities; collective action problem; strategic complementarities; unique implementation;

    JEL classification:

    • D86 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Economics of Contract Law
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • L24 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Contracting Out; Joint Ventures

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