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Reciprocal Relationships in Tax Compliance Decisions

  • Cécile Bazart
  • Aurélie Bonein

Reciprocity considerations are important to the tax compliance problem as they may explain the global dynamics of tax evasion, beyond individual tax evasion decisions, toward a downward or upward spiral. To provide evidence on reciprocity in tax compliance decisions, we have conducted a laboratory experiment in which we introduced two types of inequities. The first type of inequity is called vertical, because it refers to inequities introduced by the government when it sets different fiscal parameters for identical taxpayers, while the second type of inequity is called horizontal because it refers to the fact that taxpayers may differ in tax compliance decisions. In this setting, taxpayers may react to a disadvantageous or advantageous inequity through negative or positive reciprocal behaviors, respectively. Our results support the existence of negative and positive reciprocity in both vertical and horizontal cases. When both inequities come into play and may induce reciprocal behaviors in opposite directions, the horizontal always dominates the vertical.

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File URL: http://www.lameta.univ-montp1.fr/Documents/DR2012-35.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Paper provided by LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier in its series Working Papers with number 12-35.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2012
Date of revision: Dec 2012
Handle: RePEc:lam:wpaper:12-35
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