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Danish Aid Policy: Theory and Empirical Evidence

Listed author(s):
  • Finn Tarp

    (University of Copenhagen Institute of Economics)

  • Christian F. Bach

    (University of Copenhagen Institute of Economics)

  • Henrik Hansen

    (The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark)

  • Søren Baunsgaard

    (University of Copenhagen Institute of Economics)

This paper is a study of Danish aid policy from the early 1960s to 1995. It includes (i) a review of officially stated aims and criteria, (ii) a descriptive analysis of actual behaviour in international comparative perspective, (iii) a review of the theoretical and empirical aid allocation literature, and (iv) a series of panel data regressions to further explore how Danish bilateral aid was, in actual fact, distributed country-by-country. A theoretical model explaining how the allocation process took place is also formulated. It underpins the empirical analysis from which it transpires that a two step model is a useful way of analysing Danish aid allocations. The first step is whether to select a country or not, and the second involves the decision of how much aid to commit. The empirical analysis demonstrates that Danish aid has been guided in both steps by officially stated aims and criteria in an expected and statistically significant manner although a clear Eastern and Southern Africa bias was found. Another general result is that the relative weights of the explanatory variables have varied both from year-to-year and between sub-periods.

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Paper provided by University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 98-06.

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Length: 34 pages + tables
Date of creation: May 1998
Publication status: Published in Gupta, K. (ed.): Foreign Aid: New Perspectives. Norwell MA,1999, pp 149-69
Handle: RePEc:kud:kuiedp:9806
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Dudley, Leonard & Montmarquette, Claude, 1976. "A Model of the Supply of Bilateral Foreign Aid," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(1), pages 132-142, March.
  2. Gang, Ira N. & Lehman, James A., 1990. "New directions or not: USAID in Latin America," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 723-732, May.
  3. McGillivray, M. & White, H., 1993. "Explanatory studies of aid allocation among developing countries : a critical survey," ISS Working Papers - General Series 18942, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
  4. Finn Tarp & Mads Váczy Kragh, 1995. "Danish Balance of Payments Support," Discussion Papers 95-16, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
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