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How Do Changes in Economic Conditions Affect Cognitive Function?


  • Yumi Ishikawa

    (Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration, Kobe University, JAPAN)


This study examines the effects of changes in economic conditions on cognitive function using individual panel data from the National Survey of the Japanese Elderly. This study captures the objective, subjective, absolute, and relative terms of economic conditions, and examines which aspects of economic conditions in particular affect cognitive function. The results reveal that deterioration in economic conditions damages cognitive function. Particularly, objective economic conditions affect the cognitive function of Japanese men. Furthermore, economic conditions in relative terms are more important than those in absolute terms. The results further suggest that these deteriorating effects could be attributed to less social engagement and low healthcare utilisation owing to a decline in economic conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Yumi Ishikawa, 2022. "How Do Changes in Economic Conditions Affect Cognitive Function?," Discussion Paper Series DP2022-17, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
  • Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:dp2022-17

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Ageing; Cognitive function; Economic conditions; the National Survey of the Japanese Elderly; Relative income;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination

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