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Arbeitsmarktinstrumente und gesellschaftliche Normen - Das Mainzer-Modell untergräbt gesellschaftliche Normen und verschärft damit die Probleme, die es zu überwinden glaubt

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  • Steffen J. Roth

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Abstract

Die Beurteilung arbeitsmarktpolitischer Instrumente alleine aufgrund der Abwägung von fiskalischen Maßnahmekosten und Erträgen greift zu kurz. Allokationseffekte müssen ebenso berücksichtigt werden, wie Fragen der Kompatibilität mit Prinzipien einer das Marktsystem unterstützenden Sozialpolitik. Ein nur selten ausführlich beleuchteter weiterer Aspekt ist die Rückwirkung von institutionellen Regelungen auf die Normen der Gesellschaftsmitglieder. Dieser Gedanke wird in diesem Beitrag anhand des prominentesten deutschen Kombi-Lohns, dem Mainzer Modell, exemplarisch verfolgt. Neben Verstößen gegen sozialpolitische Prinzipien und der Entfaltung von Fehlanreizen droht das Mainzer Modell die immateriellen Arbeitsanreize durch Einstellungsänderungen abzuschwächen. Es verschärft damit aus sich selbst heraus das Problem, welches zu beheben es vorgibt.

Suggested Citation

  • Steffen J. Roth, 2003. "Arbeitsmarktinstrumente und gesellschaftliche Normen - Das Mainzer-Modell untergräbt gesellschaftliche Normen und verschärft damit die Probleme, die es zu überwinden glaubt," Otto-Wolff-Institut Discussion Paper Series 01/2003, Otto-Wolff-Institut für Wirtschaftsordnung, Köln, Deutschland.
  • Handle: RePEc:kln:owiwdp:dp_am
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    File URL: http://www.otto-wolff-institut.de/Publikationen/DiskussionPapers/Diskussionspapier_Arbeitsmarkt.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Assar Lindbeck & Sten Nyberg, 2006. "Raising Children to Work Hard: Altruism, Work Norms, and Social Insurance," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 121(4), pages 1473-1503.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary

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