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Arbeitsmarktinstrumente und gesellschaftliche Normen - Das Mainzer-Modell untergräbt gesellschaftliche Normen und verschärft damit die Probleme, die es zu überwinden glaubt

  • Steffen J. Roth

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    Die Beurteilung arbeitsmarktpolitischer Instrumente alleine aufgrund der Abwägung von fiskalischen Maßnahmekosten und Erträgen greift zu kurz. Allokationseffekte müssen ebenso berücksichtigt werden, wie Fragen der Kompatibilität mit Prinzipien einer das Marktsystem unterstützenden Sozialpolitik. Ein nur selten ausführlich beleuchteter weiterer Aspekt ist die Rückwirkung von institutionellen Regelungen auf die Normen der Gesellschaftsmitglieder. Dieser Gedanke wird in diesem Beitrag anhand des prominentesten deutschen Kombi-Lohns, dem Mainzer Modell, exemplarisch verfolgt. Neben Verstößen gegen sozialpolitische Prinzipien und der Entfaltung von Fehlanreizen droht das Mainzer Modell die immateriellen Arbeitsanreize durch Einstellungsänderungen abzuschwächen. Es verschärft damit aus sich selbst heraus das Problem, welches zu beheben es vorgibt.

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    File URL: http://www.otto-wolff-institut.de/Publikationen/DiskussionPapers/Diskussionspapier_Arbeitsmarkt.pdf
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    Paper provided by Otto-Wolff-Institut für Wirtschaftsordnung, Köln, Deutschland in its series Otto-Wolff-Institut Discussion Paper Series with number 01/2003.

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    Date of creation: Mar 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:kln:owiwdp:dp_am
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    1. Winkelmann, Liliana & Winkelmann, Rainer, 1998. "Why Are the Unemployed So Unhappy? Evidence from Panel Data," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 65(257), pages 1-15, February.
    2. Petrongolo, Barbara & Pissarides, Christopher, 2000. "Looking Into The Black Box: A Survey Of The Matching Function," CEPR Discussion Papers 2409, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Lindbeck, Assar & Nyberg, Sten, 2001. "Raising Children To Work Hard: Altruism, Work Norms And Social Insurance," Seminar Papers 691, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
    4. Lindbeck, A., 1994. "Welfare State Disincentives with Endogenous Habits and Norms," Papers 589, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
    5. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2002. "Die Höhle in der Eiger-Nordwand - Eine Anmerkung zum Mainzer Modell und zum Wohlfahrtsstaat an sich," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 55(03), pages 20-25, 02.
    6. Akerlof, George A, 1980. "A Theory of Social Custom, of Which Unemployment May be One Consequence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 94(4), pages 749-75, June.
    7. Snower, Dennis J., 1994. "The Simple Economics of Benefit Transfers," CEPR Discussion Papers 1086, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Tversky, Amos & Kahneman, Daniel, 1991. "Loss Aversion in Riskless Choice: A Reference-Dependent Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(4), pages 1039-61, November.
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