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Hopf Bifurcation in the Clarida, Gali, and Gertler Model

Author

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  • William Barnett

    (Department of Economics, The University of Kansas)

  • Unal Eryilmaz

    (OECD)

Abstract

We explore bifurcation phenomena in the open-economy New Keynesian model developed by Clarida, Gali and Gertler (2002). We find that the open economy framework can bring about more complex dynamics, along with a wider variety of qualitative behaviors and policy responses. Introducing parameters related to the open economy structure affects the values of bifurcation parameters and changes the location of bifurcation boundaries. As a result, the stratification of the confidence region, as previously seen in closed-economy New Keynesian models, remains an important research and policy risk to be considered in the context of the open-economy New Keynesian functional structures. In fact, econometrics and optimal policy design become more complex within an open economy. Dynamical inferences need to be qualified by the risk of bifurcation boundaries crossing the confidence regions. Without adequate prior econometric research, policy design needs to take into consideration that a change in monetary policy can produce an unanticipated bifurcation.

Suggested Citation

  • William Barnett & Unal Eryilmaz, 2012. "Hopf Bifurcation in the Clarida, Gali, and Gertler Model," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 201211, University of Kansas, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:kan:wpaper:201211
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    File URL: http://www2.ku.edu/~kuwpaper/2009Papers/201211.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. William Barnett & Evgeniya Duzhak, 2010. "Empirical assessment of bifurcation regions within New Keynesian models," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 45(1), pages 99-128, October.
    2. Barnett, William A. & Duzhak, Evgeniya Aleksandrovna, 2008. "Non-robust dynamic inferences from macroeconometric models: Bifurcation stratification of confidence regions," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 387(15), pages 3817-3825.
    3. Banerjee, Sanjibani & A. Barnett, William & A. Duzhak, Evgeniya & Gopalan, Ramu, 2011. "Bifurcation analysis of Zellner's Marshallian Macroeconomic Model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 1577-1585, September.
    4. Barnett William A. & He Yijun, 1999. "Stability Analysis of Continuous-Time Macroeconometric Systems," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 3(4), pages 1-22, January.
    5. Carl E. Walsh, 2003. "Monetary Theory and Policy, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262232316, May.
    6. Grandmont, Jean-Michel, 1985. "On Endogenous Competitive Business Cycles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(5), pages 995-1045, September.
    7. Clarida, Richard & Gali, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 2002. "A simple framework for international monetary policy analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(5), pages 879-904, July.
    8. He, Yijun & Barnett, William A., 2006. "Singularity bifurcations," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 5-22, March.
    9. Jordi Galí & Tommaso Monacelli, 2005. "Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(3), pages 707-734.
    10. Richard Clarida & Jordi Gali & Mark Gertler, 2001. "Optimal Monetary Policy in Open versus Closed Economies: An Integrated Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 248-252, May.
    11. Wei Dong, 2007. "Expenditure-Switching Effect and the Choice of Exchange Rate Regime," Staff Working Papers 07-54, Bank of Canada.
    12. Barnett, William A. & He, Yijun, 2002. "Stabilization Policy As Bifurcation Selection: Would Stabilization Policy Work If The Economy Really Were Unstable?," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(05), pages 713-747, November.
    13. Barnett, William A. & Eryilmaz, Unal, 2016. "An Analytical And Numerical Search For Bifurcations In Open Economy New Keynesian Models," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(02), pages 482-503, March.
    14. Eric M. Leeper & Christopher A. Sims, 1994. "Toward a Modern Macroeconomic Model Usable for Policy Analysis," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1994, Volume 9, pages 81-140 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Bergstrom, A. R. & Nowman, K. B. & Wymer, C. R., 1992. "Gaussian estimation of a second order continuous time macroeconometric model of the UK," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 313-351, October.
    16. Jordi Gali & Tommaso Monacelli, 1999. "Optimal Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 438, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 15 Nov 1999.
    17. Senay, Ozge & Sutherland, Alan, 2004. "The Expenditure Switching Effect and the Choice Between Fixed and Floating Exchange Rates," CEPR Discussion Papers 4300, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Barnett, William A. & Chen, Guo, 2015. "Bifurcation of Macroeconometric Models and Robustness of Dynamical Inferences," Foundations and Trends(R) in Econometrics, now publishers, vol. 8(1-2), pages 1-144, September.
    2. repec:eee:joecas:v:10:y:2013:i:1:p:53-64 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Barnett, William A. & Ghosh, Taniya, 2013. "Bifurcation analysis of an endogenous growth model," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 53-64.
    4. repec:spr:etbull:v:2:y:2014:i:1:d:10.1007_s40505-013-0024-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. William A. Barnett & Taniya Ghosh, 2014. "Stability analysis of Uzawa–Lucas endogenous growth model," Economic Theory Bulletin, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 2(1), pages 33-44, April.
    6. repec:taf:oaefxx:v:5:y:2017:i:1:p:1327184 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    stability; bifurcation; open economy; New Keynesian; macroeconomics; dynamic systems;

    JEL classification:

    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • C62 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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