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The Expenditure Switching Effect and the Choice Between Fixed and Floating Exchange Rates

  • Senay, Ozge
  • Sutherland, Alan

A two-country sticky-price general equilibrium model is used to examine the implications of the expenditure switching effect for the welfare properties of fixed and floating exchange rate regimes. A comparison between the two regimes shows that the volatility of consumption is unambiguously lower in the floating exchange rate regime, but the volatility of home output can be higher or lower depending on the value of the elasticity of substitution between home and foreign goods. A utility-based welfare comparison of the two regimes concludes that a floating exchange rate regime yields higher welfare when the expenditure switching effect is relatively weak, but a fixed exchange rate regime is superior when the expenditure switching effect is strong.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 4300.

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Date of creation: Mar 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4300
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  1. Devereux, Michael B, 2000. "A Simple Dynamic General Equilibrium Model Of The Tradeoff Between Fixed And Floating Exchange Rates," CEPR Discussion Papers 2403, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Michael B. Devereux & Charles Engel, 2000. "Monetary Policy in the Open Economy Revisited: Price Setting and Exchange Rate Flexibility," NBER Working Papers 7665, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1995. "Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux," CEPR Discussion Papers 1131, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2001. "Global Implications of Self-Orientated National Monetary Rules," CEPR Discussion Papers 2856, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 1998. "Risk and Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 6694, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Lane, Philip R., 2001. "The new open economy macroeconomics: a survey," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 235-266, August.
  7. Corsetti, Giancarlo & Pesenti, Paolo, 2005. "International dimensions of optimal monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 281-305, March.
  8. Eric van Wincoop & Philippe Bacchetta, 2000. "Does Exchange-Rate Stability Increase Trade and Welfare?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1093-1109, December.
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