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Interpreting Permanent Shocks to Output When Aggregate Demand May Not be Neutral in the Long Run

Author

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  • John W. Keating

    (Department of Economics, The University of Kansas)

Abstract

This paper studies Blanchard and Quah’s (1989) statistical model of permanent and transitory shocks to output using a set of arguably more plausible structural assumptions. Economists typically motivate this statistical model by assuming aggregate demand shocks have no long-run effect on the level of output. Many economic theories are, however, inconsistent with that assumption. We reinterpret this statistical model assuming a positive shock to aggregate supply lowers the price level and in the long run raises output while a positive shock to aggregate demand raises the price level. No assumption is made about the long-run output effect of aggregate demand. Based on these assumptions, we show that a puzzling finding from the empirical literature implies that a positive (negative) aggregate demand shock had a long-run positive (negative) effect on the level of output in a number of pre-World War I economies.

Suggested Citation

  • John W. Keating, 2012. "Interpreting Permanent Shocks to Output When Aggregate Demand May Not be Neutral in the Long Run," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 201205, University of Kansas, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:kan:wpaper:201205
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    File URL: http://www2.ku.edu/~kuwpaper/2009Papers/201205.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Waggoner, Daniel F. & Zha, Tao, 2003. "Likelihood preserving normalization in multiple equation models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 114(2), pages 329-347, June.
    2. Lawrence J. Christiano & Martin Eichenbaum & Robert Vigfusson, 2006. "Alternative Procedures for Estimating Vector Autoregressions Identified with Long-Run Restrictions," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 4(2-3), pages 475-483, 04-05.
    3. Keating, John W & Nye, John V, 1998. "Permanent and Transitory Shocks in Real Output: Estimates from Nineteenth-Century and Postwar Economies," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 30(2), pages 231-251, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Binet, Marie-Estelle & Pentecôte, Jean-Sébastien, 2015. "Macroeconomic idiosyncrasies and European monetary unification: A sceptical long run view," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 412-423.
    2. Keating, John W., 2013. "What do we learn from Blanchard and Quah decompositions of output if aggregate demand may not be long-run neutral?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 38(PB), pages 203-217.
    3. Keating, John W. & Valcarcel, Victor J., 2017. "What's so great about the Great Moderation?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 115-142.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    vector autoregression; identification restrictions; moving average representations; aggregate demand and supply theory; permanent and transitory shock decomposition;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles

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