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Are Schooling and Roads Complementary? Evidence from Rural Indonesia

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  • Yamauchi, Futoshi
  • Muto, Megumi
  • Chowdhury, Shyamal
  • Dewina, Reno
  • Sumaryanto, Sony

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of spatial connectivity on household income growth and non-agriculture labor supply, combining household panel data and village census in Indonesia during the period of 1995-2007. Empirical results show that the impacts of improved local road quality on income growth and the transition to non-agricultural labor markets depends on household education and distance to economic centers. In particular, post-primary education significantly increases the benefit from the improvement of local spatial connectivity in remote areas, promoting labor transition to non-agricultural sectors. Education and local road quality are complementary, mutually increasing non-agricultural labor supply and income in remote areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Yamauchi, Futoshi & Muto, Megumi & Chowdhury, Shyamal & Dewina, Reno & Sumaryanto, Sony, 2010. "Are Schooling and Roads Complementary? Evidence from Rural Indonesia," Working Papers 10, JICA Research Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:jic:wpaper:10
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    File URL: https://jicari.repo.nii.ac.jp/?action=repository_uri&item_id=616&file_id=9&file_no=1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sapkota, Jeet Bahadur, 2014. "Access to Infrastructure and Human Development:Cross-Country Evidence," Working Papers 70, JICA Research Institute.

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