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Labor Market Integration of New Immigrants in Spain

Author

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  • Rodríguez-Planas, Núria

    (Queens College, CUNY)

  • Nollenberger, Natalia

    (IE University)

Abstract

This paper assesses how new immigrants to Spain fare in the country's labor market, evaluating the conditions under which they are able to find employment, and their progress out of unskilled work into middle-skilled jobs. Using Spanish Labor Force Survey data from 2000 through 2011, we find that immigrants who arrived before the 2008 recession had little trouble finding work immediately, but those who arrived after 2008 struggled to find work as Spanish unemployment rates skyrocketed. Immigrants' individual characteristics had a limited effect on their employment trajectories. Although many immigrants who arrived in Spain between 2000 and 2007 were able to find work and eventually move out of the low-skilled positions, the nature of their jobs meant that they were not protected from the recession, and many became unemployed as the economy shed low- and middle-skilled jobs in sectors dominated by immigrants. In the long term, Spain will likely need immigrants to cover labor shortages because of its aging population and the emigration of native-born workers to other countries. The findings suggest that for many workers, finding middle-skilled work alone isn't enough, and integration policies could aim to help workers transition from the secondary to the primary labor market in order to find their way into more stable employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodríguez-Planas, Núria & Nollenberger, Natalia, 2014. "Labor Market Integration of New Immigrants in Spain," IZA Policy Papers 93, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izapps:pp93
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Núria Rodríguez‐Planas, 2018. "Mortgage finance and culture," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(4), pages 786-821, September.
    3. Genda, Yuji & Heckel, Markus & Kambayashi, Ryo, 2019. "Employees who do not know their labour contract term and the implications for working conditions: Evidence from Japanese and Spanish microdata," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 95-104.
    4. Yemane, Ruta & Fernández-Reino, Mariña, 2021. "Latinos in the United States and in Spain: the impact of ethnic group stereotypes on labour market outcomes," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 1240-1260.
    5. Victoria Prieto & Joaquin Recaño & Doris Cristina Quintero-Lesmes, 2018. "Migration responses of immigrants in Spain during the Great Recession," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 38(61), pages 1885-1932.
    6. Mireia Bolíbar, 2020. "Social capital, human capital and ethnic occupational niches: an analysis of ethnic and gender inequalities in the Spanish labour market," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 6(1), pages 1-9, December.
    7. Anna Sanz-de-Galdeano & Anastasia Terskaya, 2020. "The labor market in Spain, 2002–2018," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 403-403, March.
    8. Anna Sanz-de-Galdeano & Anastasia Terskaya, 2017. "The labor market in Spain, 2002–2016," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 403-403, November.
    9. Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, 2021. "Inmigración y políticas migratorias en España," Studies on the Spanish Economy eee2021-10, FEDEA.
    10. Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, 2014. "Immigrant Selection over the Business Cycle: The Spanish Boom and the Great Recession," Working Papers 2014-05, FEDEA.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Spain; Great Recession; immigrants;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion

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