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Latinos in the United States and in Spain: the impact of ethnic group stereotypes on labour market outcomes


  • Yemane, Ruta
  • Fernández-Reino, Mariña


This is the first harmonised correspondence study on the recruitment behaviour of employers in the US and in Spain. By comparing the call-back rates of Latino minority and majority group applicants, we measure the labour market discrimination that Latinos experience in these two national contexts. Due to their proximity in terms of culture and language, Latinos are expected to experience less discrimination in Spain than in the US. This is supported by our findings, as the level of discrimination against Latinos in the US is high and statistically significant, while we find no evidence of statistically significant discrimination against Latinos in Spain. In line with research on the intersection between ethnicity and gender in stereotyping, we find gender differences regarding discrimination in both countries, though in opposite directions. While Latino males are more discriminated than Latino females in the US, Latino females experience more discrimination than their male counterparts in Spain, who are not treated differently from Spanish native men. Our results indicate that ethnic group stereotypes are country-specific and different for males and females of the same ethnicity. Moreover, we find partial evidence that ethnic group stereotypes can be counteracted when favourable information on warmth and competence is provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Yemane, Ruta & Fernández-Reino, Mariña, 2019. "Latinos in the United States and in Spain: the impact of ethnic group stereotypes on labour market outcomes," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 1-21.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:espost:200754

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cristina Fernández & Carolina Ortega, 2008. "Labor market assimilation of immigrants in Spain: employment at the expense of bad job-matches?," Spanish Economic Review, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 10(2), pages 83-107, June.
    2. Simone Bertoli, 2010. "Networks, Sorting and Self-selection of Ecuadorian Migrants," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 97-98, pages 261-288.
    3. Núria Rodríguez-Planas & Natalia Nollenberger, 2016. "Labor market integration of new immigrants in Spain," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-15, December.
    4. Mikolaj Stanek & Alberto Veira, 2012. "Ethnic niching in a segmented labour market: Evidence from Spain," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 9(3), pages 249-262, September.
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    6. Rajeev Darolia & Cory Koedel & Paco Martorell & Katie Wilson & Francisco Perez-Arce, 2016. "Race and gender effects on employer interest in job applicants: new evidence from a resume field experiment," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(12), pages 853-856, August.
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    10. Decker, Scott H. & Ortiz, Natalie & Spohn, Cassia & Hedberg, Eric, 2015. "Criminal stigma, race, and ethnicity: The consequences of imprisonment for employment," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 108-121.
    11. Pager, Devah & Western, Bruce & Bonikowski, Bart, 2009. "Discrimination in a Low-Wage Labor Market: A Field Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 4469, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    12. repec:cog:socinc:v:6:y:2018:i:3:p:48-63 is not listed on IDEAS
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