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From Angela's Ashes to the Celtic Tiger: Early Life Conditions and Adult Health in Ireland

  • Delaney, Liam

    ()

    (University of Stirling)

  • McGovern, Mark E.

    ()

    (Harvard School of Public Health)

  • Smith, James P.

    ()

    (RAND)

We use data from the Irish census and exploit regional and temporal variation in infant mortality rates over the 20th century to examine effects of early life conditions on later life health. Our main identification is public health interventions which eliminated the Irish urban infant mortality penalty. Estimates suggest that a unit decrease in mortality rates at time of birth reduces the probability of being disabled as an adult by between .03 and .05 percentage points. We find that individuals from lower socio economic groups had marginal effects of reduced infant mortality twice as large as those at the top.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4548.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2009
Publication status: published in: Journal of Health Economics, 2011, 30 (1), 1-10
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4548
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  1. Black, Sandra E. & Devereux, Paul J. & Salvanes, Kjell G., 2005. "From the Cradle to the Labor Market? The Effect of Birth Weight on Adult Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 1864, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Michael R. Haines, 2001. "The Urban Mortality Transition in the United States, 1800-1940," NBER Historical Working Papers 0134, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Carlos Bozzoli & Angus Deaton & Climent Quintana-Domeque, 2008. "Adult height and childhood disease," Working Papers 1119, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies..
  4. David M. Cutler & Angus S. Deaton & Adriana Lleras-Muney, 2006. "The Determinants of Mortality," NBER Working Papers 11963, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. David Cutler & Grant Miller, 2005. "The role of public health improvements in health advances: The twentieth-century United States," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 42(1), pages 1-22, February.
  6. Cullen, Gillian, 2002. "Report on Perinatal Statistics for 1999," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number BMI170.
  7. James P. Smith, 1999. "Healthy Bodies and Thick Wallets: The Dual Relation between Health and Economic Status," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 145-166, Spring.
  8. Anne Case & Angela Fertig & Christina Paxson, 2004. "The Lasting Impact of Childhood Health and Circumstance," Working Papers 246, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Health and Wellbeing..
  9. Anne Case & Darren Lubotsky & Christina Paxson, 2002. "Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the Gradient," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(5), pages 1308-1334, December.
  10. Pringle, D. G., 1998. "Hypothesized foetal and early life influences on adult heart disease mortality: an ecological analysis of data for the Republic of Ireland," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 46(6), pages 683-693, March.
  11. repec:ucn:wpaper:10197/317 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. In Utero, 2006. "Is the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Over? Long-Term Effects of In Utero Influenza Exposure in the Post-1940 U.S. Population," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 114(4), pages 672-712, August.
  13. Robert W. Fogel, 2005. "Changes in the Physiology of Aging during the Twentieth Century," NBER Working Papers 11233, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. repec:pri:cheawb:case_paxson_economic_status_paper.pdf is not listed on IDEAS
  15. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson, 2006. "Disease and Development: The Effect of Life Expectancy on Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 12269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. repec:pri:cheawb:case_paxson_economic_status_paper is not listed on IDEAS
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