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Asabiyya: Re-Interpreting Value Change in Globalized Societies

  • Tausch, Arno

    ()

    (University of Innsbruck)

  • Heshmati, Almas

    ()

    (Jönköping University, Sogang University)

This article reflects the renewed interest of economics and the social science discipline in value systems and religion. The World Values Survey provided a data framework of global value change, whose quantitative results led Barro (2004) to analyze the connections between some dimensions of recent sociological religious value research with economic growth. The present essay starts from this methodological position, and links value systems with economic performance in a much wider and macrosociological framework. We further develop the well-known Inglehart and Welzel (2003) map of global values, and develop the idea of "Asabiyya" ("social cohesion"), as a counter-model to both Barro and Inglehart and Welzel approaches. A frequently asked question is whether “modernization” without "spiritual values" in a globalized world economy and world society possible in the long run? Starting from principal component analysis, it is shown that rather two factors are decisive in understanding global value change: a continuum of "traditional versus secular", and a continuum "cheating versus active society". Asabiyya in the 21st Century, as a way out from the modernization trap of societies, characterized by large-scale social anomaly, is a high secularism combined with a high active society score, thus avoiding the "modernization trap". We show that economic growth in the current world crisis is far more connected with these dimensions. We conclude that not a society based on fear is needed in the first place, but an active society of volunteer social work.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4459.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4459
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  1. Archibugi, Daniele & Coco, Alberto, 2004. "A New Indicator of Technological Capabilities for Developed and Developing Countries (ArCo)," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 629-654, April.
  2. Heshmati Almas, 2006. "Measurement of a Multidimensional Index of Globalization," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 6(2), pages 1-30, May.
  3. Francisco Arcelus & Gopalan Srinivasan & Basu Sharma, 2005. "Assessing the information content of the technology achievement index in the presence of the human development index," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 15(4), pages 1-5.
  4. Almas Heshmati & Arno Tausch & Chemen S. J. Bajalan, 2008. "Measurement and Analysis of Child Well-Being in Middle and High Income Countries," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 5(2), pages 187-249, December.
  5. Katz, J. Sylvan, 2006. "Indicators for complex innovation systems," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 893-909, September.
  6. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2001. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 541-63, July.
  7. Bhandari, Amit Kumar & Heshmati, Almas, 2005. "Measurement of Globalization and Its Variations Among Countries, Regions and Over Time," IZA Discussion Papers 1578, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Marcus Noland, 2005. "Explaining Middle Eastern Authoritarianism," Working Paper Series WP05-5, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  9. J Sylvan Katz & Viv Cothey, 2006. "Web indicators for complex innovation systems," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(2), pages 85-95, August.
  10. Ravallion, Martin, 2005. "On Measuring Aggregate "Social Efficiency."," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(2), pages 273-92, January.
  11. Ben Lockwood, 2004. "How Robust is the Kearney/Foreign Policy Globalisation Index?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(4), pages 507-523, 04.
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  13. Farhad Noorbakhsh, 1998. "The human development index: some technical issues and alternative indices," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(5), pages 589-605.
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This item is featured on the following reading lists or Wikipedia pages:

  1. Asabiyyah in Wikipedia English ne '')
  2. Encuesta Mundial de Valores in Wikipedia Spanish ne '')
  3. Islam in Wikipedia Waray-Waray ne '')
  4. Islamismo in Wikipedia Spanish ne '')
  5. Mundus Musulmanus in Wikipedia Latin ne '')
  6. ისლამი in Wikipedia Georgian ne '')
  7. Islam in Wikipedia Polish ne '')
  8. Islamismo na Europa in Wikipedia Portuguese ne '')
  9. ʻAşabīyah in Wikipedia Estonian ne '')
  10. Asabiyyah in Wikipedia Catalan ne '')
  11. Ronald Inglehart in Wikipedia Portuguese ne '')
  12. 世界価値観調査 in Wikipedia Japanese ne '')
  13. 아사비야 in Wikipedia Korean ne '')
  14. Chủ nghĩa Hồi giáo in Wikipedia Vietnamese ne '')
  15. Asabiyyah in Wikipedia Malay ne '')
  16. Ronald Inglehart in Wikipedia English ne '')
  17. World Values Survey in Wikipedia Dutch ne '')
  18. Іслам у Європі in Wikipedia Ukranian ne '')

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