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Asabiyya: Re-Interpreting Value Change in Globalized Societies

Author

Listed:
  • Tausch, Arno

    (University of Innsbruck)

  • Heshmati, Almas

    (Jönköping University, Sogang University)

Abstract

This article reflects the renewed interest of economics and the social science discipline in value systems and religion. The World Values Survey provided a data framework of global value change, whose quantitative results led Barro (2004) to analyze the connections between some dimensions of recent sociological religious value research with economic growth. The present essay starts from this methodological position, and links value systems with economic performance in a much wider and macrosociological framework. We further develop the well-known Inglehart and Welzel (2003) map of global values, and develop the idea of "Asabiyya" ("social cohesion"), as a counter-model to both Barro and Inglehart and Welzel approaches. A frequently asked question is whether “modernization” without "spiritual values" in a globalized world economy and world society possible in the long run? Starting from principal component analysis, it is shown that rather two factors are decisive in understanding global value change: a continuum of "traditional versus secular", and a continuum "cheating versus active society". Asabiyya in the 21st Century, as a way out from the modernization trap of societies, characterized by large-scale social anomaly, is a high secularism combined with a high active society score, thus avoiding the "modernization trap". We show that economic growth in the current world crisis is far more connected with these dimensions. We conclude that not a society based on fear is needed in the first place, but an active society of volunteer social work.

Suggested Citation

  • Tausch, Arno & Heshmati, Almas, 2009. "Asabiyya: Re-Interpreting Value Change in Globalized Societies," IZA Discussion Papers 4459, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4459
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    index numbers and aggregation; international political economy; religion; bureaucracy; corruption;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • F5 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
    • Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion
    • D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption

    Lists

    This item is featured on the following reading lists, Wikipedia, or ReplicationWiki pages:
    1. Mundus Musulmanus in Wikipedia Latin
    2. Ronald Inglehart in Wikipedia Portuguese
    3. Asabiyyah in Wikipedia English
    4. ისლამი in Wikipedia Georgian
    5. World Values Survey in Wikipedia Dutch
    6. Chủ nghĩa Hồi giáo in Wikipedia Vietnamese
    7. Ronald Inglehart in Wikipedia English
    8. Islam in Wikipedia Waray-Waray
    9. Islamismo na Europa in Wikipedia Portuguese
    10. 世界価値観調査 in Wikipedia Japanese
    11. Іслам у Європі in Wikipedia Ukranian
    12. Asabiyyah in Wikipedia Catalan
    13. 아사비야 in Wikipedia Korean
    14. Islam in Wikipedia Polish
    15. Islamismo in Wikipedia Spanish
    16. Asabiyyah in Wikipedia Malay
    17. Encuesta Mundial de Valores in Wikipedia Spanish
    18. ʻAşabīyah in Wikipedia Estonian

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