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The Temporal Dynamics of Neighborhood Disadvantage in Childhood and Subsequent Problem Behavior in Adolescence

Author

Listed:
  • Kleinepier, Tom

    () (Delft University of Technology)

  • van Ham, Maarten

    () (Delft University of Technology)

Abstract

Research on neighborhood effects has increasingly focused on how long children have lived in a deprived neighborhood during childhood (duration), but has typically ignored when in childhood the exposure occurred (timing) and whether circumstances were improving or deteriorating (sequencing). Using Dutch register data, we applied sequence analysis to simultaneously capture duration, timing, and sequencing of exposure to neighborhood (dis)advantage in childhood. Compared to children who lived in a deprived neighborhood throughout childhood, we found that children who were exposed to neighborhood deprivation only during adolescence were equally likely to become a teenage parent and were more likely to drop out of school. Unexpectedly, children who lived in an affluent neighbor-hood throughout childhood were most likely to engage in delinquent behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Kleinepier, Tom & van Ham, Maarten, 2018. "The Temporal Dynamics of Neighborhood Disadvantage in Childhood and Subsequent Problem Behavior in Adolescence," IZA Discussion Papers 11397, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11397
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kleinepier, Tom & van Ham, Maarten, 2017. "Ethnic Differences in Duration and Timing of Exposure to Neighbourhood Disadvantage during Childhood," IZA Discussion Papers 10944, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Jens Ludwig & Greg J. Duncan & Lisa A. Gennetian & Lawrence F. Katz & Ronald C. Kessler & Jeffrey R. Kling & Lisa Sanbonmatsu, 2013. "Long-Term Neighborhood Effects on Low-Income Families: Evidence from Moving to Opportunity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 103(3), pages 226-231, May.
    3. Nieuwenhuis, Jaap & van Ham, Maarten & Yu, Rongqin & Branje, Susan & Meeus, Wim & Hooimeijer, Pieter, 2016. "Being Poorer than the Rest of the Neighbourhood: Relative Deprivation and Problem Behaviour of Youth," IZA Discussion Papers 10220, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Rory Coulter & Maarten van Ham, 2013. "Following People Through Time: An Analysis of Individual Residential Mobility Biographies," Housing Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(7), pages 1037-1055, October.
    5. Anna Piil Damm & Christian Dustmann, 2014. "Does Growing Up in a High Crime Neighborhood Affect Youth Criminal Behavior?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(6), pages 1806-1832, June.
    6. Varano, Sean P. & Schafer, Joseph A. & Cancino, Jeffrey Michael & Swatt, Marc L., 2009. "Constructing crime: Neighborhood characteristics and police recording behavior," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 553-563, November.
    7. Tom Kleinepier & Maarten van Ham, 2017. "The temporal stability of children's neighborhood experiences: A follow-up from birth to age 15," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 36(59), pages 1813-1826, June.
    8. repec:hrv:faseco:34309063 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Geoffrey Wodtke, 2013. "Duration and Timing of Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty and the Risk of Adolescent Parenthood," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 50(5), pages 1765-1788, October.
    10. Andrew Abbott & Angela Tsay, 2000. "Sequence Analysis and Optimal Matching Methods in Sociology," Sociological Methods & Research, , vol. 29(1), pages 3-33, August.
    11. Raj Chetty & Nathaniel Hendren & Lawrence F. Katz, 2016. "The Effects of Exposure to Better Neighborhoods on Children: New Evidence from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(4), pages 855-902, April.
    12. Gabadinho, Alexis & Ritschard, Gilbert & Müller, Nicolas S & Studer, Matthias, 2011. "Analyzing and Visualizing State Sequences in R with TraMineR," Journal of Statistical Software, Foundation for Open Access Statistics, vol. 40(i04).
    13. repec:sae:envira:v:49:y:2017:i:9:p:2135-2154 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Donna Ginther & Robert Haveman & Barbara Wolfe, 2000. "Neighborhood Attributes as Determinants of Children's Outcomes: How Robust Are the Relationships?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(4), pages 603-642.
    15. repec:hrv:faseco:30367426 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    neighborhood effects; temporal dynamics; childhood; adolescence; problem behavior; sequence analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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